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The Diffusion Of Innovations In Central And Eastern Europe: A Study Of The Determinants And Impact O

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  • Nigel Pain

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  • Dawn Holland

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Abstract

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is widely thought to be an important channel for the introduction of new ideas, technologies and standards to the transition economies in Central and Eastern Europe. This paper contains a panel data analysis of the factors affecting aggregate inflows of FDI in the ten accession economies plus Croatia over the five year period from 1992 to 1996. Our results indicate that the method of privatisation, the extent of trade linkages with the advanced economies and proximity to the EU have significant effects on the level of investment. We also detect a role for risk and relative labour costs in the host economies, suggesting a degree of competition to attract inward investment. We augment these results with a separate panel data analysis of the factors affecting technical progress in eight Eastern European economies over the same period. This suggests that spillovers from the stock of inward investment and international trade both have a positive impact on productivity in the transition economies, with the beneficial effects of FDI being higher in the more market-orientated economies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Institute of Economic and Social Research in its series NIESR Discussion Papers with number 205.

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Date of creation: Jun 1998
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Handle: RePEc:nsr:niesrd:205

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Cited by:
  1. BOSE, Suchismita & JHA, Sudipta, 2012. "Crisis Exacerbated Fiscal Deficits And Possible Impact On Fdi Flows: An Empirical Analysis Of Emerging Europe And India," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(1).
  2. Fabling, Richard & Grimes, Arthur & Stevens, Philip, 2008. "A Comparison of Qualitative and Quantitative Firm Performance Measures," Occasional Papers 08/4, Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand.
  3. Boyle, Gerry & McQuinn, Kieran, 2004. "Why do some countries produce so much more output per worker than others? - A note," Research Technical Papers 9/RT/04, Central Bank of Ireland.
  4. Fofack, Hippolyte, 2009. "Determinants of globalization and growth prospects for Sub-Saharan African countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5019, The World Bank.
  5. Natalia VECHIU, 2010. "Globalization and FDIs: determinants and competition effects in Central and Eastern European Countries," Working Papers 2010-2011_8, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Nov 2010.
  6. Bos,J.W.B. & Laar,M.,van de, 2004. "Explaining Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern Europe: an Extended Gravitiy Approach," Research Memorandum 041, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  7. Fofack, Hippolyte, 2008. "Technology trap and poverty trap in Sub-Saharan Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4582, The World Bank.
  8. Krishna G. Iyer & Alicia N. Rambaldi & Kam Ki Tang, 2008. "Efficiency externalities of trade and alternative forms of foreign investment in OECD countries," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(6), pages 749-766.
  9. Andrew Tiffin, 2006. "Ukraine," IMF Working Papers 06/167, International Monetary Fund.

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