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Organizational Forms for Global Engagement of Firms

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  • Spiros Bougheas
  • Holger Görg

Abstract

Global engagement of firms can take a variety of forms. We argue that there are considerable advantages of developing models that allow for a wide set of alternatives of organizational form. We illustrate this firstly using plant level data which allows us to distinguish firms that serve only the domestic market, firms that export final goods abroad, firms that outsource abroad the production of some of the intermediate inputs abroad, firms that own foreign plants abroad, and firms that do more than one of those activities. In our estimation we consider the relationship between productivity all the choice of organizational form. We then present a simple model of the firm that is flexible enough to capture the trade-offs between a great variety of organizational forms.

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Paper provided by University of Nottingham, GEP in its series Discussion Papers with number 08/33.

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Handle: RePEc:not:notgep:08/33

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Keywords: Organizational Forms; Multinationals;

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  1. Andrew B. Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2003. "Plants and Productivity in International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1268-1290, September.
  2. Alexander HIJZEN & INUI Tomohiko & TODO Yasuyuki, 2007. "Does Offshoring Pay? Firm-Level Evidence from Japan," Discussion papers, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) 07005, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  3. Elhanan Helpman, 2006. "Trade, FDI, and the Organization of Firms," NBER Working Papers 12091, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Grossman, Gene & Helpman, Elhanan, 2002. "Outsourcing Versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3647, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Peter K. Schott, 2009. "Importers, Exporters and Multinationals: A Portrait of Firms in the U.S. that Trade Goods," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Producer Dynamics: New Evidence from Micro Data, pages 513-552 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Görg, Holger & Hanley, Aoife & Strobl, Eric, 2007. "Productivity Effects of International Outsourcing: Evidence from Plant Level Data," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6361, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman & Adam Szeidl, 2003. "Optimal Integration Strategies for the Multinational Firm," Working Papers, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Discussion Papers in Economics. 142, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Discussion Papers in Economics..
  8. Pol Antras & Elhanan Helpman, 2003. "Global Sourcing," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research 2005, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  9. Catia Montagna, 1998. "Efficiency Gaps, Love of Variety and International Trade," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics, Economic Studies, University of Dundee 090, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
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  11. Elhanan Helpman & Marc J. Melitz & Stephen R. Yeaple, 2004. "Export Versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 300-316, March.
  12. Keith Head & John Ries, 2003. "Heterogeneity and the FDI versus Export Decision of Japanese Manufacturers," NBER Working Papers 10052, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Sébastien Jean, 2000. "International Trade and Firms’ Heterogeneity Under Monopolistic Competition," Working Papers, CEPII research center 2000-13, CEPII research center.
  14. GIRMA, Sourafel & GOERG, Holger & STROBL, Eric, 2004. "Exports, international investment, and plant performance : evidence from a non-parametric test," CORE Discussion Papers, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) 2004009, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  15. Ethier, Wilfred J., 2005. "Globalization, globalisation: Trade, technology, and wages," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 237-258.
  16. Eiichi Tomiura, 2005. "Foreign Outsourcing, Exporting, and FDI: A Productivity Comparison at the Firm Level," Discussion Paper Series, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University 168, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
  17. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman & Adam Szeidl, 2005. "Complementarities between Outsourcing and Foreign Sourcing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 19-24, May.
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  20. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 2002. "Integration Versus Outsourcing In Industry Equilibrium," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 117(1), pages 85-120, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Filomena Pietrovito & Alberto Franco Pozzolo & Luca Salvatici, 2013. "Internationalization choices: an ordered probit analysis at industry-level," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences 77, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
  2. Maria Rosaria Ferrante & Marzia Freo, 2012. "The Total Factor Productivity Gap between Internationalised and Domestic Firms: Net Premium or Heterogeneity Effect?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(9), pages 1186-1214, 09.

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