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Labour Market Experience of Male Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities in the UK

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  • Sayema H. Bidisha
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the changes in the labour market experience of different immigrant and ethnic minority groups in the UK over time. The analysis suggests that, in early 90s although there was no clear cut evidence of segregation in terms of employability, certain groups of minority natives were found to be less represented in high-skilled professional occupations whereas some of the immigrants were in greater proportion in such jobs. Over time, unemployment inequality has become significant among minority natives whereas the position of immigrants in terms of employment status appeared to have improved. In recent years, minority immigrants’ representation in superior occupations has reduced significantly, which is in contrast to the improvement of job market status of their native counterparts. Decomposition analysis of the results indicate the importance of both explained as well as unexplained factors behind such performance. For certain groups of ethnic minorities and immigrants, observed attributes cannot explain their less favourable labour market outcomes and the analysis indicates the possibility of labour market discrimination against them.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Nottingham, School of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 09/08.

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    Handle: RePEc:not:notecp:09/08

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    Keywords: Immigrant; Ethnicity; Unemployment; Occupational Attainment; Decomposition Analysis;

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    1. Blackaby, David H, et al, 1997. "A Picture of Male and Female Unemployment among Britain's Ethnic Minorities," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 44(2), pages 182-97, May.
    2. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
    3. Bell, Brian D, 1997. "The Performance of Immigrants in the United Kingdom: Evidence from the GHS," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(441), pages 333-44, March.
    4. Borooah, Vani K, 2001. "How Do Employees of Ethnic Origin Fare on the Occupational Ladder in Britain?," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-26, February.
    5. F. Carmichael & R. Woods, 2000. "Ethnic Penalties in Unemployment and Occupational Attainment: Evidence for Britain," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(1), pages 71-98.
    6. D.H. Blackaby & D.G. Leslie & P.D. Murphy, 2002. "White-ethnic minority earnings and employment differentials in Britain: evidence from the LFS," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(2), pages 270-297, April.
    7. Vani K. Borooah, 2005. "Caste, Inequality, and Poverty in India," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(3), pages 399-414, 08.
    8. Stephen Wheatley Price, 2001. "The unemployment experience of male immigrants in England," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 201-215.
    9. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
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