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Measures of Intra-Industry Trade as Indicators of Factor Market Disruption

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  • Peter B. Dixon
  • Jayant Menon,

Abstract

Intra-industry trade (IIT) related concepts have often been used as indicators of the extent to which trade growth can be accommodated without factor market disruption. The most commonly used indicators have been movements in the Grubel-Lloyd (GL) index. However, GL-based indicators are sometimes misleading and, at best, they give qualitative information only. We develop two other indicators. The first involves computing changes in IIT. While this method provides a precise measure of the contribution of growth in IIT to total trade (TT) growth, it tends to overestimate the contribution of non-disruptive trade growth. This problem is overcome by our second indicator, dynamic intra-industry trade or matched changes in trade. All our indicators are illustrated with data for 133 Australian manufacturing industries.

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Paper provided by University of Nottingham, CREDIT in its series Discussion Papers with number 95/15.

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Handle: RePEc:not:notcre:95/15

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Postal: School of Economics University of Nottingham University Park Nottingham NG7 2RD
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  1. Caves, Richard E, 1981. "Intra-Industry Trade and Market Structure in the Industrial Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 203-23, July.
  2. Krugman, Paul R, 1981. "Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 959-73, October.
  3. Clive Hamilton & Paul Kniest, 1991. "Trade liberalisation, structural adjustment and intra-industry trade: A note," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 127(2), pages 356-367, June.
  4. Greenaway, David & Milner, Chris R, 1983. "On the Measurement of Intra-Industry Trade," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 93(372), pages 900-908, December.
  5. Jayant Menon & Peter Dixon, 1996. "How important is intra-industry trade in trade growth?," Open Economies Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 161-175, April.
  6. Finger, J M, 1975. "Trade Overlap and Intra-Industry Trade," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 13(4), pages 581-89, December.
  7. Jayant Menon, 1994. "Trade Liberalisation, Closer Economic Relations and Intra-Industry Specialisation," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 27(2), pages 31-42.
  8. Pomfret, Richard, 1985. "Categorical Aggregation and International Trade: A Comment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 95(378), pages 483-85, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Abdul Azhar & Robert Elliott, 2003. "On the measurement of trade-induced adjustment," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 139(3), pages 419-439, September.
  2. Jayant Menon & Peter Dixon, 1996. "How important is intra-industry trade in trade growth?," Open Economies Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 161-175, April.
  3. Anonymous, 2005. "Trends in Australian Agriculture," Commission Research Papers, Productivity Commission 31903, Productivity Commission.
  4. Jayant Menon, 1996. "How Reliable are Intra-Industry Trade Measures as Indicators of Adjustment Costs?," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-119, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
  5. David Greenaway & Michelle Haynes & Chris Milner, 2002. "Adjustment, employment characteristics and intra-industry trade," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 138(2), pages 254-276, June.
  6. A K M Azhar & Robert R J Elliott, 2007. "On the Measurement of Changes in Product Quality in Marginal Intra-Industry Trade," Discussion Papers, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham 07-09, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
  7. Houston Davis & Brian Noland, 2003. "Understanding Human Capital Through Multiple Disciplines: The Educational Needs Index," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 61(2), pages 147-174, February.
  8. Productivity Commission, 2005. "Trends in Australian Agriculture," Research Papers, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia 0502, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia.
  9. Faruk Aydin & Hulya Saygili & Mesut Saygili & Gokhan Yilmaz, 2010. "Dis Ticarette Kuresel Egilimler ve Turkiye Ekonomisi," Working Papers, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey 1001, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.

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