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Escalation Bargaining: Theoretical Analysis and Experimental Test

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  • Swee-Hoon Chuah

    ()
    (Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham)

  • Robert Hoffmann

    ()
    (Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham)

  • Jeremy Larner

    ()
    (Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham)

Abstract

The standard chicken game is a popular model of certain important real scenarios but does not allow for the escalation behaviour these are typically associated with. This is problematic if the critical, final decisions in these scenarios are sensitive to previous escalation. We introduce and analyse, theoretically and by experiment, a new game which permits escalation behaviour. Compared with an equivalent chicken game, Pareto-suboptimal outcomes are significantly more frequent. This result is inconsistent with our rational choice analysis and possible psychological roots are explored.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham in its series Discussion Papers with number 2011-05.

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Date of creation: May 2011
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Handle: RePEc:not:notcdx:2011-05

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Keywords: escalation; brinkmanship; chicken game; experiments;

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Cited by:
  1. Fuhai HONG & Larry KARP, 2013. "International Environmental Agreements with Endogenous or Exogenous Risk," Economic Growth centre Working Paper Series 1310, Nanyang Technolgical University, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Economic Growth centre.

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