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The Bank Lending Channel and Monetary Policy Rules for European Banks: Further Extensions

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  • Nicholas Apergis

    ()
    (Department of Banking and Financial Management, University of Piraeus)

  • Stephen M. Miller

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Nevada, Las Vegas)

  • Effrosyni Alevizopoulou

    ()
    (Department of Banking and Financial Management, University of Piraeus)

Abstract

The monetary authorities affect the macroeconomic activity through various channels of influence. This paper examines the bank lending channel, which considers how central bank actions affect deposits, loan supply, and real spending. The monetary authorities influence deposits and loan supplies through its main indicator of policy, the real short-term interest rate. This paper employs the endogenously determined target interest rate emanating from the central bank’s monetary policy rule to examine the operation of the bank lending channel. Furthermore, it examines whether different bank-specific characteristics affect how European banks react to monetary shocks. That is, do sounder banks react more to the monetary policy rule than less-sound banks. In addition, inflation and output expectations alter the central bank’s decision for its target interest rate, which, in turn, affect the banking system’s deposits and loan supply. Robustness tests, using additional control variables, (i.e., the growth rate of consumption, the ratio loans to total deposits, and the growth rate of total deposits) support the previous results.

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File URL: http://web.unlv.edu/projects/RePEc/pdf/1204.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Nevada, Las Vegas , Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1204 Classification- G21, E52, C33.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nlv:wpaper:1204

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Keywords: Monetary policy rules; bank lending channel; European banks; GMM methodology;

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  1. Michael Ehrmann & Leonardo Gambacorta & Jorge Martínez-Pagés & Patrick Sevestre & Andreas Worms, 2001. "Financial Systems and the Role of Banks in Monetary Policy Transmission in the Euro Area," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0118, Banco de Espa�a.
  2. Nicholas Apergis & Effrosyni Alevizopoulou, 2012. "The Bank Lending Channel and Monetary Policy Rules: Evidence from European Banks," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 1-14, February.
  3. Anil K. Kashyap & Jeremy C. Stein & David W. Wilcox, 1991. "Monetary policy and credit conditions: evidence from the composition of external finance," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 154, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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  16. Juurikkala, Tuuli & Solanko, Laura & Karas, Alexei, 2009. "The role of banks in monetary policy transmission: Empirical evidence from Russia," BOFIT Discussion Papers 8/2009, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  17. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
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