Globalization, Returns to Accumulation and the World Distribution of Output
AbstractThis paper examines the extent to which the process of globalization can explain the observed widening in the cross--country distribution of output--per--worker. In particular examine whether the opening up of trade in a Hecksher--Ohlin type model of trade can explain the observed changes. On the theoretical front the model highlights that, when the labor market is subject to a holdup problem, then the opening up of trade can cause an increase in the dispersion of income across countries similar to that observed in the data due to the emergence of a discrepancy between the private and social returns to capital accumulation that favors capital abundant countries. On the empirical front, we document the relevance of the model by examining whether growth patterns, decomposition exercises and specialization patterns support the model's predictions. Overall we find that over 50% of the recently observed increase in income dispersion across countries can be accounted for by the mechanism exemplified by the model.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Toulouse 1 Capitole in its series Open Access publications from University of Toulouse 1 Capitole with number http://neeo.univ-tlse1.fr/279/.
Date of creation: Jul 2006
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Publication status: Published in Journal of Monetary Economics (2006-07) v.53, p.879-909
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Other versions of this item:
- Beaudry, Paul & Collard, Fabrice, 2006. "Globalization, returns to accumulation and the world distribution of output," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(5), pages 879-909, July.
- Paul Beaudry & Fabrice Collard, 2004. "Globalization, Returns to Accumulationa and the World Distribution of Output," NBER Working Papers 10565, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- O41 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
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