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Outsourcing of services and the productivity recovery in U.S. manufacturing in the 1980s and 1990s

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  • Raa, T. ten

    (Tilburg University)

  • Wolff, E.N.

Abstract

Manufacturing productivity growth recovered during the 1980s and 1990s, while other sectors, particularly services, did not. In the same period U.S. manufacturing has engaged in the "outsourcing" or "contracting-out" of service functions. Has the recovery of manufacturing been accomplished by industrial reorganization - sloughing off sluggish services - rather than technical progress? We analyze this question by reducing service inputs to their constituent elements of material inputs. Service productivity growth is thus imputed to the goods sectors, reducing the recovery of manufacturing productivity growth in the 1980s by one fifth. The recovery lasted through the 1990s, when high productivity performers in manufacturing have been relatively successful at outsourcing sluggish services.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tilburg University in its series Open Access publications from Tilburg University with number urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-86783.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Publication status: Published in Journal of Productivity Analysis (2001) v.16, p.149-165
Handle: RePEc:ner:tilbur:urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-86783

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Web page: http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/

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References

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  1. George J. Stigler, 1951. "The Division of Labor is Limited by the Extent of the Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59, pages 185.
  2. Donald Siegel & Zvi Griliches, 1991. "Purchased Services, Outsourcing, Computers, and Productivity in Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 3678, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Abraham, Katharine G & Taylor, Susan K, 1996. "Firms' Use of Outside Contractors: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 14(3), pages 394-424, July.
  4. Jansen, Pieter Kop & ten Raa, Thijs, 1990. "The Choice of Model in the Construction of Input-Output Coefficients Matrices," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 31(1), pages 213-27, February.
  5. Zvi Griliches, 1992. "Output Measurement in the Service Sectors," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gril92-1.
  6. Postner, Harry H, 1990. "The Contracting-Out Problem in Service Sector Analysis: Choice of Statistical Unit," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 36(2), pages 177-86, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Giuseppe Berlingieri, 2013. "Outsourcing and the Rise in Services," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp1199, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Rosario Crinò, 2007. "Offshoring, Multinationals and Labor Market: A Review of the Empirical Literature," KITeS Working Papers, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy 196, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Jan 2007.
  3. Falk, Martin & Peng, Fei, 2011. "The increasing service intensity of European manufacturing," MPRA Paper 38600, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Simon C. Parker, 2010. "Contracting Out, Public Policy And Entrepreneurship," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 57(2), pages 119-144, 05.
  5. Valentina Meliciani & Maria Savona, 2011. "The Determinants of Regional Specialisation in Business Services: Agglomeration Economies, Vertical Linkages and Innovation," SPRU Working Paper Series, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex 193, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
  6. Roberto Antonietti, 2014. "From Outsourcing to Productivity, Passing Through Training: Microeconometric Evidence from Italy," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2014.12, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

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