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Separations at the firm level

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  • Gautier, P.A.
  • Berg, G. van den
  • Ours, J.C. van

    (Tilburg University)

  • Ridder, G.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the determinants of lay-offs, job-to-job movements and total separations with a unique data set that combines information on individual firms and their workers. We are in particular interested in whether the lay-off policy of firms can explain the relatively high level of unemployment amongst lower educated workers and the relatively strong sensitivity of their unemployment rate to the business cycle. We find that lay-off rates decrease with education but that the change over the cycle in the lay-off rate of workers with a lower level of education compared to that of workers with a higher level of education can not explain the stronger cyclicality of the unemployment rate for lower educated workers. We conclude that this stronger cyclicality is not due to the personnel policy of firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tilburg University in its series Open Access publications from Tilburg University with number urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-81207.

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Date of creation: 1999
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Handle: RePEc:ner:tilbur:urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-81207

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Web page: http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/

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References

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  1. Caballero, R-J & Hammour, M-L, 1996. "The Macroeconomics of Specificity," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 96-25, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  2. Ours, J.C. van & Ridder, G., 1995. "Job Matching and Job Competition: Are Lower Educated Workers at the Back of Job Queues?," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-142162, Tilburg University.
  3. repec:dgr:uvatin:2098084 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. repec:dgr:uvatin:1998084 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Baker, Michael, 1992. "Unemployment Duration: Compositional Effects and Cyclical Variability," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 313-21, March.
  6. Steven J. Davis & John Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1993. "Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing theFacts," NBER Working Papers 4492, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1998. "Job Creation and Destruction," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262540932, December.
  8. repec:fth:inseep:9858 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Gerard J, Van den Berg & Bas Van der Klmaauw, 1998. "Combining Micro and Macro Unemployment Duration Data," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 98-58, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  10. Jaap H. Abbring & Gerard J. van den Berg & Pieter A. Gautier & A. Gijsbert C. van Lomwel & Jan C. van Ours & Christopher J. Ruhm, 1998. "Displaced Workers in the United States and the Netherlands," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 98-084/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  11. Burgess, Simon M, 1988. "Employment Adjustment in UK Manufacturing," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(389), pages 81-103, March.
  12. Oliver Jean Blanchard & Peter Diamond, 1990. "The Cyclical Behovior of the Gross Flows of U.S. Workers," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 21(2), pages 85-156.
  13. van Ours, J. C. & Ridder, G., 1995. "Job matching and job competition: Are lower educated workers at the back of job queues?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 1717-1731, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Gielen, Anne C. & van Ours, Jan C., 2006. "Age-specific cyclical effects in job reallocation and labor mobility," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 493-504, August.
  2. Jonathan P. Thomas, 1999. "Fair Pay and a Wagebill Arguement for Wage Rigidity and Excessive Employment Variability," Discussion Paper Series, Department of Economics, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews 199919, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews.
  3. Dohmen, Thomas & Pfann, Gerard A., 2000. "Worker Separations in a Nonstationary Corporate Environment," IZA Discussion Papers 201, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Berg, Gerard J. van den & Gautier, Pieter A. & Ours, Jan C., 1998. "Worker turnover at the firm level and crowding out of lower educated workers," Serie Research Memoranda, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics 0049, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  5. Xiaoming Cai & Pieter A. Gautier & Makoto Watanabe, 2012. "Collective versus Decentralized Wage Bargaining and the Efficient Allocation of Resources," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 12-086/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Pieter A. Gautier, 1999. "Unemployment and Search Externalities in a Model with Heterogeneous Jobs and Heterogeneous Workers," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 99-075/3, Tinbergen Institute.

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