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The Political Economy of Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe

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  • Fidrmuc, J.

    (Tilburg University)

Abstract

Abstract: Politics and economics have become intensely intertwined in the post-communist countries in transition. The collapse of communist regime and the subsequent political liberalization created conditions for the implementation of wide-ranging economic reforms. In turn, the continuation of reforms and the very sustainability of democracy have been threatened by political backlash brought about by adverse effects of the reforms. In this dissertation, I try to analyze theoretically as well as empirically the interaction between economics and politics in the specific conditions of post-communist transition. The main focus lies on two topics of great importance for the transition countries: the political support for reforms, and disintegration of countries. The former is concerned with explaining the causes of dwindling support for economic and political reforms, and the subsequent return of former communists to power in several countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. The latter is motivated by one of the gravest side effects of transition - the break-ups of multi-national countries in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. I am concerned with the economic aspects of disintegration, and attempt to identify factors that give rise to incentives for nations to break up.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tilburg University in its series Open Access publications from Tilburg University with number urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-80019.

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Length: 147
Date of creation: 1999
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published
Handle: RePEc:ner:tilbur:urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-80019

Note: Dissertation
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Web page: http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/

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  1. Frankel, Jeffrey A. & Rose, Andrew K., 1996. "Economic Structure and the Decision to Adopt a Common Currency," Center for International and Development Economics Research, Working Paper Series, Center for International and Development Economics Research, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkele qt0bw0h379, Center for International and Development Economics Research, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  2. Baqir, Reza & Easterly, William & Alesina, Alberto, 1999. "Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions," Scholarly Articles 4551797, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  3. Xavier Sala-i-Martin & Jeffrey Sachs, 1991. "Fiscal Federalism and Optimum Currency Areas: Evidence for Europe From the United States," NBER Working Papers 3855, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Barro, Robert J, 1979. "On the Determination of the Public Debt," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 940-71, October.
  5. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1992. "Transfers," NBER Working Papers 4186, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Funke, Michael, 1997. "The Nature of Shocks in Europe and in Germany," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 64(255), pages 461-69, August.
  7. Rodrik, Dani, 1999. " Where Did All the Growth Go? External Shocks, Social Conflict, and Growth Collapses," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 4(4), pages 385-412, December.
  8. Fidrmuc, J., 1998. "Political Support for Reforms: Economics of Voting in Transition Countries," Discussion Paper, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research 1998-98, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  9. Wacziarg, Romain & Spolaore, Enrico & Alesina, Alberto, 2000. "Economic Integration and Political Disintegration," Scholarly Articles 4553029, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  10. Bolton, Patrick & Roland, Gerard & Spolaore, Enrico, 1996. "Economic theories of the break-up and integration of nations," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 697-705, April.
  11. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1996. "Federal Fiscal Constitutions: Risk Sharing and Moral Hazard," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 64(3), pages 623-46, May.
  12. repec:fth:coluec:758 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Alesina, Alberto & Spolaore, Enrico, 1997. "On the Number and Size of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1027-56, November.
  14. Fidrmuc, Jan & Horvath, Julius & Fidrmuc, Jarko, 1999. "Stability of monetary unions: Lessons from the break-up of Czechoslovakia," ZEI Working Papers B 17-1999, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn.
  15. Alberto Alesina & Enrico Spolaore, 1996. "International Conflict, Defense Spending and the Size of Countries," NBER Working Papers 5694, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Bolton, Patrick & Roland, Gerard, 1997. "The Breakup of Nations: A Political Economy Analysis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1057-90, November.
  17. Dixit, Avinash & Londregan, John, 1998. "Fiscal federalism and redistributive politics," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 153-180, May.
  18. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1996. "Federal Fiscal Constitutions: Risk Sharing and Redistribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 979-1009, October.
  19. Alesina, Alberto & Perotti, Roberto, 1998. "Economic Risk and Political Risk in Fiscal Unions," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(449), pages 989-1008, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Boeri, Tito, 2001. "Transition with Labour Supply," IZA Discussion Papers 257, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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