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Idiosyncratic Risk and the Creative Destruction in Japan

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  • Yasushi Hamao
  • Jianping Mei
  • Yexiao Xu

Abstract

The dramatic rise and fall of the Japanese equity market provides a unique opportunity to examine market-and firm-specific risks over different market conditions. The price behavior of Japanese equities in the 1990s is found to resemble that of U.S. equities during the Great Depression. Both show increasing market volatility and a prolonged large co-movement in equity prices. What is unique about the Japanese case is the surprising fall in firm-level volatility and turnover in Japanese stocks after its market crash in 1990. This large decrease in firm-level volatility may have impeded Japan's capital formation process as it has become more difficult over the past decade for both investors and managers to separate high quality from low quality firms. Using data on firm performance fundamentals and corporate bankruptcies, we show that the fall in firm-level volatility and turnover in Japanese stocks could be attributed to the sharp increase in earnings homogeneity among Japanese firms and the lack of corporate restructuring.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 9642.

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Date of creation: Apr 2003
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:9642

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  1. Bernanke, Ben S, 1981. "Bankruptcy, Liquidity, and Recession," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 155-59, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Woon Gyu Choi & David Cook, 2005. "Stock Market Liquidity and the Macroeconomy," IMF Working Papers 05/6, International Monetary Fund.
  2. John Cotter & Niall O'Sullivan & Francesco Rossi, 2014. "The Conditional Pricing of Systematic and Idiosyncratic Risk in the UK Equity Market," Working Papers 201403, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  3. Rossi, Francesco, 2011. "Risk components in UK cross-sectional equities: evidence of regimes and overstated parametric estimates," MPRA Paper 38682, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 Mar 2012.
  4. Rossi, Francesco, 2012. "UK cross-sectional equity data: The case for robust investability filters," European Economic Letters, European Economics Letters Group, vol. 1(1), pages 6-13.
  5. Rossi, Francesco, 2011. "U.K. cross-sectional equity data: do not trust the dataset! The case for robust investability filters," MPRA Paper 38303, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2011.
  6. Nguyen, Pascal, 2012. "The impact of foreign investors on the risk-taking of Japanese firms," MPRA Paper 38991, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Hui Guo & Robert Savickas, 2006. "Aggregate idiosyncratic volatility in G7 countries," Working Papers 2004-027, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  8. Michael Drew & Alastair Marsden & Madhu Veeraraghavan, 2004. "Idiosyncratic Volatility Matter? New Zealand Evidence," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 177, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
  9. Naomi Griffin & Kazuhiko Odaki, 2009. "Reallocation and productivity growth in Japan: revisiting the lost decade of the 1990s," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 125-136, April.
  10. Naomi N. Griffin & Kazuhiko Odaki, 2006. "Reallocation and Productivity Growth in Japan: Revisiting the Lost Decade of the 1990s: Working Paper 2006-02," Working Papers 17603, Congressional Budget Office.
  11. Nguyen, Pascal, 2011. "Corporate governance and risk-taking: Evidence from Japanese firms," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 278-297, June.
  12. Naomi N. Griffin, 2005. "Labor Adjustment, Productivity and Output Volatility: An Evaluation of Japan's Employment Adjustment Subsidy: Working Paper 2005-10," Working Papers 17567, Congressional Budget Office.
  13. Brockman, Paul & Liebenberg, Ivonne & Schutte, Maria, 2010. "Comovement, information production, and the business cycle," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 107-129, July.
  14. Hsin, Chin-Wen & Tseng, Po-Wen, 2012. "Stock price synchronicities and speculative trading in emerging markets," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 82-109.
  15. Se-Jik Kim, 2003. "Macro Effects of Corporate Restructuring in Japan," IMF Working Papers 03/203, International Monetary Fund.

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