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Economic Effects of Means-Tested Transfers in the U.S


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  • Robert Moffitt


The system of means-tested transfers in the U.S. has evolved in important ways over the last decade, with significant expansions of Medicaid , the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Supplemental Security Income program, and with significant contraction in Aid to Families with Dependent Children, now titled the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. To determine where we are in our understanding of each of these programs, as well as the other major programs in the system of means-tested transfers, a volume is under preparation by the National Bureau of Economic Research that surveys the current structure and historical evolution of each of these programs and that synthesizes the results of the research that has been conducted on their economic effects. In addition to the AFDC-TANF, Medicaid, EITC, and SSI programs, reviews have been conducted for the Food Stamp program and for housing, child care, job training, and child support programs. This paper summarizes the results of those reviews and highlights the large number of important findings from existing research.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 8730.

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Date of creation: Jan 2002
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Publication status: published as Economic Effects of Means-Tested Transfers in the U.S. , Robert Moffitt. in Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 16 , Poterba. 2002
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:8730

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Cited by:
  1. Gonzalez, M. & Wen, W., 2007. "The Supply of Social Insurance," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge 0772, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  2. Marianne P. Bitler & Jonah B. Gelbach & Hilary W. Hoynes & Madeline Zavodny, 2004. "The Impact of Welfare Reform on Marriage and Divorce," Working Papers, RAND Corporation Publications Department 110, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
  3. Kristin Butcher & Robert J. LaLonde, 2006. "Female offenders use of social welfare programs before and after jail and prison: does prison cause welfare dependency?," Working Paper Series, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago WP-06-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  4. Leonard M. Lopoo & Sara McLanahan & Irwin Garfinkel, 2003. "Explaining The Trend In Teenage Birth Rates From 1981-1999," Working Papers, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing. 960, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing..
  5. Miles, David K & Sefton, James, 2002. "Optimal Social Security Design," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3290, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.


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