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Sticky Information: A Model of Monetary Nonneutrality and Structural Slumps

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  • N. Gregory Mankiw
  • Ricardo Reis

Abstract

This paper explores a model of wage adjustment based on the assumption that information disseminates slowly throughout the population of wage setters. This informational frictional yields interesting and plausible dynamics for employment and inflation in response to exogenous movements in monetary policy and productivity. In this model, disinflations and productivity slowdowns have a parallel effect: They both cause the path of employment to fall below the level that would prevail under full information. The model implies that, in the face of productivity change, a policy of targeting either nominal income or the nominal wage leads to more stable employment than does a policy of targeting the price of goods and services. Finally, we examine U.S. time series and find that, as the model predicts, unemployment fluctuations are associated with both inflation and productivity surprises.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 8614.

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Date of creation: Dec 2001
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Publication status: published as Aghion, P., R. Frydman, J. Stiglitz and M. Woodford (eds.) Knowledge, Information, and Expectations in Modern Macroeconomics: In Honor of Edmund S. Phelps. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:8614

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