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Love and Money: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Household Sorting and Inequality

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  • Raquel Fernandez
  • Nezih Guner
  • John Knowles

Abstract

This paper examines the interactions between household matching, inequality, and per capita income. We develop a model in which agents decide whether to become skilled or unskilled, form households, consume and have children. We show that the equilibrium sorting of spouses by skill type (their correlation in education) is increasing as a function of the skill premium. In the absence of perfect capital markets, the economy can converge to different steady states, depending upon initial conditions. The degree of marital sorting, wage inequality, and fertility differentials are positively correlated across steady states and negatively correlated with per capita income. We use household surveys from 34 countries to construct several measures of the skill premium and of the degree of correlation of spouses' education (marital sorting). For all our measures, we find a positive and significant relationship between the two variables.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 8580.

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Date of creation: Nov 2001
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Publication status: published as Fernandez, Raquel, Nezih Guner and John Knowles. "Love And Money: A Theoretical And Empirical Analysis Of Household Sorting And Inequality," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, v120(1,Feb), 273-344.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:8580

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