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Quantitative Implications of the Home Bias: Foreign Underinvestment, Domestic Oversaving, and Corrective Taxation

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  • Assaf Razin
  • Efraim Sadka
  • Chi-Wa Yuen

Abstract

There is strong evidence about a home-court advantage in international portfolio" investment. One explanation for the bias is an information asymmetry between domestic and" foreign investors about the economic performance of domestic firms. This asymmetry causes" two types of distortions: an aggregate production inefficiency and a production-consumption" inefficiency, leading to foreign underinvestment and domestic oversaving respectively. Such" market failures are found to be quite severe, slightly more so with equity flows than with debt" flows. These inefficiencies can nonetheless be corrected by a mix of tax-subsidy instruments consisting of taxes on corporate income and on the capital incomes of both residents and" nonresidents. When only a partial set of instruments is available, however each tax instrument can change radically and may even be reversed although the welfare gains" can be fairly substantial and sometimes close to the first best optimum. This partial set of" instruments appears to be more effective in handling the market failure in the case of equity" flows than in the case of debt flows.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6339.

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Date of creation: Dec 1997
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6339

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  1. Gordon, R.H. & Bovenberg, A.L., 1994. "Why Is Capital So Immobile Internationally?: Possible Explanations and Implications for Capital Income Taxation," Working Papers 358, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  2. Huizinga, H. & Nielsen, S.B., 1995. "Capital Income and Profits Taxation with Foreign Ownership of Firms," Papers 9582, Tilburg - Center for Economic Research.
  3. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim & Yuen, Chi-Wa, 1998. "Channelling Domestic Savings into Productive Investment Under Asymmetric Information: The Essential Role of Foreign Direct Investment," CEPR Discussion Papers 1837, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
  5. Jonathan Eaton & Mark Gersovitz, 1987. "Country Risk and the Organization of International Capital Transfer," NBER Working Papers 2204, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Roger H. Gordon & Hal R. Varian, 1986. "Taxation of Asset Income in the Presence of a World Securites Market," NBER Working Papers 1994, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Peter A. Diamond & J. A. Mirrlees, 1968. "Optimal Taxation and Public Production," Working papers 22, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  8. Frenkel, Jacob & Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim, 1992. "International taxation in an integrated world," MPRA Paper 23266, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Razin, A & Sadka, E & Yuen, C-W, 1997. "A Pecking Order of Capital Inflows and International Tax Principles," Papers 12-97, Tel Aviv - the Sackler Institute of Economic Studies.
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