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Social Security, Occupational Pensions, and Retirement in Sweden

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  • Marten Palme
  • Ingemar Svensson

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the Swedish social security system and its impact on individual retirement behavior. First, we give some historical facts, as well as a more detailed description of the current situation, of labor market behavior of older persons. Second, we describe the social security system. We also describe the different occupational pension schemes, which have an increasing importance. Finally, we show the results from a simulation, where we have used the earnings path of several representative workers to calculate the implicit tax (or subsidy) rate on additional work after age 55 generated by the social security system in interaction with occupational pensions and income taxes as well as housing allowances. We find that the observed labor market behavior of older men is in accordance with the economic incentives generated by the social security system and in particular with the occupational pension scheme for blue collar workers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6137.

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Date of creation: Aug 1997
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Publication status: published as Social Security, Occupational Pensions, and Retirement in Sweden , Marten Palme, lngemar Svensson. in Social Security and Retirement around the World , Gruber and Wise. 1999
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6137

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References

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  1. Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1995. "Differences and Changes in Wage Structures," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number free95-1.
  2. Thomas Aronsson & James R. Walker, 1997. "The Effects of Sweden's Welfare State on Labor Supply Incentives," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: The Welfare State in Transition: Reforming the Swedish Model, pages 203-266 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Per-Anders Edin & Bertil Holmlund, 1995. "The Swedish Wage Structure: The Rise and Fall of Solidarity Wage Policy?," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Differences and Changes in Wage Structures, pages 307-344 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Casey B. Mulligan & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1999. "Gerontocracy, Retirement, and Social Security," NBER Working Papers 7117, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Karlström, Anders & Palme, Mårten & Svensson, Ingemar, 2008. "The Employment Effect of Stricter Rules for Eligibility for DI: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Sweden," Research Papers in Economics, Stockholm University, Department of Economics 2008:3, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  3. Andrén, Daniela, 2001. "First Exits From The Swedish Labor Market Due To Disability," Working Papers in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics 49, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  4. Anders Karlström & Mårten Palme & Ingemar Svensson, 2011. "Assessing the welfare change from a pension reform," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 18(6), pages 634-657, December.
  5. Broström, Göran & Palme, Mårten & Johansson, Per, 2002. "Economic incentives and gender differences in work absence behavior," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2002:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  6. Eklöf, Matias & Hallberg, Daniel, 2004. "Private Alternatives and Early Retirement Programs," Working Paper Series, Uppsala University, Department of Economics 2004:5, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  7. Kruse, Agneta & Nyberg, Kristian, 2004. "Pensions and external effects of ageing; effects on distribution," Working Papers, Lund University, Department of Economics 2004:27, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  8. Casey B. Mulligan & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1999. "Social Security in Theory and Practice (I): Facts and Political Theories," NBER Working Papers 7118, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Casey B. Mulligan & Xavier Sala-i-Martín, 2003. "Social security, retirement, and the single-mindedness of the electorate," Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra 686, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  10. Disney, Richard & Whitehouse, Edward, 1999. "Pension plans and retirement incentives," MPRA Paper 14755, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Miles, David K, 2000. "Funded and Unfunded Pensions: Risk, Return and Welfare," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2369, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Hallberg, Daniel, 2003. "A Description of Routes out of the Labor Force for Workers in Sweden," Working Paper Series, Uppsala University, Department of Economics 2003:23, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  13. Hakola, Tuulia, 2002. "Alternative Approaches to Model Withdrawals from the Labour Market – A Literature Review," Working Paper Series, Uppsala University, Department of Economics 2003:4, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  14. Axel Borsch-Supan, 1998. "Incentive Effects of Social Security on Labor Force Participation: Evidence in Germany and Across Europe," NBER Working Papers 6780, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Johansson, Per & Palme, Marten, 2005. "Moral hazard and sickness insurance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 89(9-10), pages 1879-1890, September.
  16. Weller, Christian E., 2001. "Programs without alternative: Public pensions in the OECD," ZEI Working Papers, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn B 15-2001, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn.
  17. Borsch-Supan, Axel, 2000. "Incentive effects of social security on labor force participation: evidence in Germany and across Europe," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 78(1-2), pages 25-49, October.
  18. Johansson, Per & Palme, Mårten, 2004. "Moral hazard and sickness insurance: Empirical evidence from a sickness insurance reform in Sweden," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2004:10, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.

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