Minimum Wages and Youth Employment in France and the United States
AbstractWe use longitudinal individual wage and employment data for young people in France and the United States to investigate the effect of intertemporal changes in an individual's status vis-…-vis the real minimum wage on employment transition rates. We" find that movements in both French and American real minimum wages are associated with relatively important employment effects in general, and very strong effects on workers employed at the minimum wage. In the French case, albeit imprecisely estimated, a 1% increase in the real minimum wage decreases the employment probability of a young man currently employed at the minimum wage by 2.5%. In the United States, a decrease in the real minimum of 1% increases the probability that a young man employed at the minimum wage came from nonemployment by 2.2%. These effects get worse with age in the United States, and are mitigated by eligibility for special employment promotion contracts in France.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6111.
Date of creation: Jul 1997
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as John M. Abowd, Francis Kramarz, Thomas Lemieux, David N. Margolis. "Minimum Wages and Youth Employment in France and the United States ," in David G. Blanchflower and Richard B. Freeman, editors, "Youth Employment and Joblessness in Advanced Countries" University of Chicago Press (2000)
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- John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & Thomas Lemieux & David N. Margolis, 2000. "Minimum Wages and Youth Employment in France and the United States," NBER Chapters, in: Youth Employment and Joblessness in Advanced Countries, pages 427-472 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
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