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Testing Endogenous Growth in South Korea and Taiwan

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  • Robert C. Feenstra
  • Dorsati Madani
  • Tzu-Han Yang
  • Chi-Yuan Liang

Abstract

We evaluate the endogenous growth hypothesis using sectoral data for South Korea and Taiwan. Our empirical work relies on a direct measure of the variety of products from each sector which can serve as intermediate inputs or as final goods. We test whether changes in the variety of these inputs, for Taiwan relative to Korea, are correlated with the growth in total factor productivity (TFP) in each sector, again measured in Taiwan relative to Korea. We find that changes in relative product variety (entered as either a lag or a lead) have a positive and significant effect on TFP in eight of the sixteen sectors. Seven out of these eight sectors are what we classify as secondary industries, in that they rely on differentiated manufactured inputs, and therefore seem to fit the idea of endogenous growth. Among the primary industries that rely more heavily on natural resources, we find more mixed evidence.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6028.

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Date of creation: May 1997
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Publication status: published as Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 60, no. 2 (December 1999): 317-341.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6028

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  1. Kocherlakota, Narayana R & Yi, Kei-Mu, 1996. "A Simple Time Series Test of Endogenous vs. Exogenous Growth Models: An Application to the United States," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(1), pages 126-34, February.
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  5. Feenstra, R. & Markusen, J.R., 1991. "Accounting for Growth with New Inputs," Papers 380, California Davis - Institute of Governmental Affairs.
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  7. Sofronis Clerides & Saul Lach & James Tybout, 1996. "Is "Learning-by-Exporting" Important? Micro-Dynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico and Morocco," NBER Working Papers 5715, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Shin-ichi Fukuda & Hideki Toya, 1995. "Conditional Convergence in East Asian Countries: The Role of Exports in Economic Growth," NBER Chapters, in: Growth Theories in Light of the East Asian Experience, NBER-EASE Volume 4, pages 247-265 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  17. Robert C. Feenstra & Tzu-Han Yang & Gary G. Hamilton, . "Business Groups And Trade In East Asia: Part 2, Product Variety," Department of Economics 96-14, California Davis - Department of Economics.
  18. Harrison, Ann E., 1994. "Productivity, imperfect competition and trade reform : Theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 53-73, February.
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