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Product Standards Coalitions in a Market Without Borders

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  • Alessandra Casella

Abstract

Traditional analyses of standards in international trade identify standards as government regulations and investigate the potential for distortion of trade flows. In reality, however, private industry groups exercise critical influence on the determination of technical standards. The composition of these groups is affected by technology and market conditions, and in an integrated market the alliances of private firms are likely to cross national boundaries, generating harmonization bottom. across economic activities and across countries, economic integration should bring increased harmonization across countries and finer differentiation across products. Empirical evidence from the United States and the European Union, although mostly anecdotical, supports this prediction.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 5853.

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Date of creation: Dec 1996
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Publication status: published as Casella, Alessandra. "Product Standards And International Trade: Harmonization Through Private Coalitions?," Kyklos, 2001, v54(2/3), 243-264.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:5853

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  1. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1975. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 64, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  2. Jeanne-Mey Sun & Jacques Pelkmans, 1995. "Regulatory Competition in the Single Market," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(1), pages 67-89, 03.
  3. Casella, Alessandra, 1996. "The Role of Market Size in the Formation of Jurisdictions," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1429, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Dybvig, Philip H. & Spatt, Chester S., 1983. "Adoption externalities as public goods," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 231-247, March.
  5. Casella, Alessandra, 1995. "Free Trade and Evolving Standards," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1204, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Cited by:
  1. Barrett, Christopher B. & Yang, Yi-Nung, 1999. "Rational Incompatibility With International Product Standards," Working Papers, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium 14597, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
  2. Jackson, Lee Ann, 2000. "An Economic Model Of Agricultural Labeling Policy Harmonization In International Trading Systems," Proceedings:Transitions in Agbiotech: Economics of Strategy and Policy, June 24-25, 1999, Washington, D.C., Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Perfor 26012, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.

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