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Estimating the Productivity of Research and Development: An Exploration of GMM Methods Using Data on French & United States Manufacturing Firms

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  • Jacques Mairesse
  • Bronwyn H. Hall

Abstract

A comparative study of the contribution of R&D to firm-level productivity in French and United States manufacturing firms in the 1980s is presented. The study uses two large panels of approximately 1000 manufacturing firms covering over half of all R&D spending in each country and focuses on the estimation and interpretation of the relationship between output growth and the growth of R&D investment in the presence of simultaneity and firm heterogeneity. We use GMM methods to control for both sources of estimation bias, and we find 1) overall, the contribution of R&D to sales productivity growth appears to have declined during the 1980s, and 2) the role of simultaneity bias is higher in the U.S. than in France, possibly reflecting the greater importance of liquidity constraints for R&D investment in that country.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 5501.

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Date of creation: Mar 1996
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Publication status: published as International Productivity Differences, Measurement and Explanations,van Ark, Bart and Karin Wagner, eds., Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1996.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:5501

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  1. Griliches, Zvi & Hausman, Jerry A., 1986. "Errors in variables in panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 93-118, February.
  2. Z, Griliches & Jacques Mairesse, 1997. "Production Functions : The Search for Identification," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 97-30, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  3. Keane, Michael P & Runkle, David E, 1992. "On the Estimation of Panel-Data Models with Serial Correlation When Instruments Are Not Strictly Exogenous," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 10(1), pages 1-9, January.
  4. Chamberlain, Gary, 1984. "Panel data," Handbook of Econometrics, Elsevier, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 22, pages 1247-1318 Elsevier.
  5. Holtz-Eakin, Douglas & Newey, Whitney & Rosen, Harvey S, 1988. "Estimating Vector Autoregressions with Panel Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 56(6), pages 1371-95, November.
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