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Men, Women, and Addiction: The Case of Cigarette Smoking

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  • Frank J. Chaloupka

Abstract

Cigarette demand equations, derived from the Becker-Murphy model of rational addictive behavior, are estimated separately for men and women. These demand equations account for the reinforcement, tolerance, and withdrawal factors characterizing addictive consumption. Results obtained from these demand equations support the hypothesis that cigarette smoking is an addictive behavior. Particularly interesting are the findings that men are responsive to changes in the price of cigarettes, with a long run price elasticity centered on -0.60, while women are virtually unresponsive to price changes. Men, however, are found to behave more myopically than women.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 3267.

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Date of creation: Feb 1990
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:3267

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  1. Chaloupka, Frank, 1991. "Rational Addictive Behavior and Cigarette Smoking," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(4), pages 722-42, August.
  2. Gary S. Becker & Michael Grossman & Kevin M. Murphy, 1990. "An Empirical Analysis of Cigarette Addiction," NBER Working Papers 3322, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Atkinson, A B & Skegg, J L, 1973. "Anti-Smoking Publicity and the Demand for Tobacco in the U.K," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 41(3), pages 265-82, September.
  4. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy, 1986. "A Theory of Rational Addiction," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 41, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
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Cited by:
  1. Kan, Kamhon, 2007. "Cigarette smoking and self-control," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 61-81, January.
  2. Myong-Il Kang & Shinsuke Ikeda, 2010. "Time Discounting and Smoking Behavior under Tax Hikes," ISER Discussion Paper 0782, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
  3. Mark Stehr, 2007. "The effect of cigarette taxes on smoking among men and women," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(12), pages 1333-1343.
  4. Adi Schnytzer & Sara Westreich, 2011. "Attitudes to Risk and Roulette," Working Papers 2011-06, Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University.
  5. Warren K. Bickel & Gregory J. Madden, 1998. "The Behavioral Economics of Smoking," NBER Working Papers 6444, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. John A. Tauras & Frank J. Chaloupka, 1999. "Price, Clean Indoor Air, and Cigarette Smoking: Evidence from the Longitudinal Data for Young Adults," NBER Working Papers 6937, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Kilic, Dilek & Ozturk, Selcen, 2014. "Gender differences in cigarette consumption in Turkey: Evidence from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 114(2), pages 207-214.

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