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Employee Stock Ownership Plans and Corporate Restructuring: Myths and Realities

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  • Myron S. Scholes
  • Mark A. Wolfson

Abstract

During the first six months of 1989 U.s. corporations acquired over $19 billion of their own stock to establish employer stock ownership plans (ESOPs). We evaluate the common claims that there exist unique tax and incentive contracting advantages to establishing ESOPs. Our analysis suggests that, particularly for large firms, where the greatest growth in ESOPs has occurred, the case is very weak for taxes being the primary motivation to establish an ESOP. The case is also weak for employee incentives being the driving force behind their establishment. We conclude that the main motivation for the growth of ESOPs is their anti-takeover characteristics.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w3094.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 3094.

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Date of creation: Sep 1989
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Publication status: published as Financial Management, Spring 1990.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:3094

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Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
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References

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  1. Auerbach, Alan J, 1983. "Taxation, Corporate Financial Policy and the Cost of Capital," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 21(3), pages 905-40, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Philippe Desbrières, 2002. "Les actionnaires salariés," Working Papers CREGO 1021101, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
  2. Peter Cramton & Hamid Mehran & Joseph Tracy, 2010. "Bargaining with a Shared Interest: The Impact of Employee Stock Ownership Plans on Labor Disputes," Papers of Peter Cramton 98wpesop, University of Maryland, Department of Economics - Peter Cramton, revised Jun 2010.
  3. Olubunmi Faleye & Vikas Mehrotra & Randall Morck, 2005. "When Labor Has a Voice in Corporate Governance," NBER Working Papers 11254, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. DEGEORGE, François & JENTER, Dirk & MOEL, Alberto & TUFANO, Peter, 2000. "Selling company shares to reluctant employees : France Télécom's experience," Les Cahiers de Recherche 703, HEC Paris.
  5. Peter Cramton & Hamid Mehran & Joseph Tracy, 2008. "ESOP fables: the impact of employee stock ownership plans on labor disputes," Staff Reports 347, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  6. Myron S. Scholes & Mark A. Wolfson, 1989. "Converting Corporations to Partnerships through Leverage: Theoretical and Practical Impediments," NBER Working Papers 3092, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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