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Offset and Sterilization Under Fixed Exchange Rates With An Optimizing Central Bank

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  • Nouriel Roubini

Abstract

The traditional approach to the estimation of the offset and sterilization equations can be criticized for the ad-hoc specification of the reaction function of the monetary authorities and the endogeneity of the domestic credit and foreign reserve variables in the estimated equations. The paper proposes an alternative analytical model where the sterilization and offset equations are derived from an explicit maximization problem solved by the monetary authority. In such a model, the optimal intervention and sterilization policies of the monetary authority are shown to be dependent on the different disturbances hitting the economy and the preferences of the monetary authority. In particular, under a wide range of domestic and foreign disturbances the optimal response of the central bank will lead to negatively correlated comovements of domestic credit and foreign reserves if the cer1tral bank cares more about the interest rate smoothing objective relative to the foreign exchange reserve stabilization goal. Conversely, positive correlations between domestic credit and foreign reserves will be observed if the foreign reserve objective is dominant.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 2777.

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Date of creation: Nov 1988
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:2777

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  1. Neumann, Manfred J. M., 1978. "Offsetting capital flows : A reexamination of the German case," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 131-142, January.
  2. Robert J. Barro, 1988. "Interest-Rate Smoothing," NBER Working Papers 2581, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Herring, Richard J. & Marston, Richard C., 1977. "Sterilization policy: The trade-off between monetary autonomy and control over foreign exchange reserves," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 325-343.
  4. Kouri, Pentti J K & Porter, Michael G, 1974. "International Capital Flows and Portfolio Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(3), pages 443-67, May/June.
  5. Kouri, Pentti J. K., 1975. "The hypothesis of offsetting capital flows : A case study of Germany," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 21-39, January.
  6. Maurice Obstfeld, 1982. "Can We Sterilize? Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 0833, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Marston, Richard C., 1980. "Cross country effects of sterilization, reserve currencies, and foreign exchange intervention," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 63-78, February.
  8. Aoki, Masanao, 1977. "A note on the stability of the interaction of monetary policies," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 81-94, February.
  9. Vaubel, Roland, 1980. "The return to the new european monetary system : Objectives, incentives, perspectives," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 173-221, January.
  10. Neumann, Manfred J. M., 1984. "Intervention in the mark/dollar market: the authorities' reaction function," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 223-239, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Eichengreen, Barry, 1989. "International Monetary Istability Between the Wars: Structural Flaws or Misguided Policies?," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt5r60q801, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  2. Claudia M. Buch & Elke Hanschel, 1999. "The Effectiveness of Capital Controls � The Case of Slovenia," Kiel Working Papers 933, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. Mark P. Taylor & Lucio Sarno, 2001. "Official Intervention in the Foreign Exchange Market: Is It Effective and, If So, How Does It Work?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(3), pages 839-868, September.
  4. Kletzer, Kenneth & Spiegel, Mark M., 2004. "Sterilization costs and exchange rate targeting," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 897-915, October.
  5. Hans Groeneveld, 1995. "Monetary Spill-over Effects in the ERM: The Case of Austria, a Former Shadow Member," Working Papers 20, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
  6. Caprio, Gerard & Honohan, Patrick, 1990. "Monetary policy instruments for developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 528, The World Bank.
  7. repec:onb:oenbwp:y::i:20:b:1 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Johannes Groeneveld, 1998. "From the ERM with Love: Monetary Spillover Effects to Austria," Empirica, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 331-345, January.
  9. Buch, Claudia M. & Lusinyan, Lusine & Engerer, Hella & Lodahl, Maria & Schrettl, Wolfram & Schrooten, Mechthild, 2000. "Russlands Wirtschaftspolitik setzt auf Investitionen," Kiel Discussion Papers 360, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  10. Gyuhan Kim, 1995. "Exchange rate constraints and money control in Korea," Working Papers 1995-011, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

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