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Better Luck Next Time: Learning Through Retaking

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  • Verónica Frisancho
  • Kala Krishna
  • Sergey Lychagin
  • Cemile Yavas

Abstract

In this paper we provide some evidence that repeat taking of competitive exams may reduce the impact of background disadvantages on educational outcomes. Using administrative data on the university entrance exam in Turkey we estimate cumulative learning between the first and the nth attempt while controlling for selection into retaking in terms of observed and unobserved characteristics. We find large learning gains measured in terms of improvements in the exam scores, especially among less advantaged students.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 19663.

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Date of creation: Nov 2013
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19663

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  1. Card, David, 2004. "Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?," IZA Discussion Papers 1119, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Verónica C. Frisancho Robles & Kala Krishna, 2012. "Affirmative Action in Higher Education in India: Targeting, Catch Up, and Mismatch," NBER Working Papers 17727, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Loury, Linda Datcher & Garman, David, 1993. "Affirmative Action in Higher Education," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 99-103, May.
  4. Caner, Asena & Okten, Cagla, 2010. "Risk and career choice: Evidence from Turkey," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1060-1075, December.
  5. Saygin, Perihan Ozge, 2012. "Gender Differences in College Applications: Evidence from the Centralized System in Turkey," Working Papers, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics 12-21, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
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