Agricultural Policy, Migration, and Malaria in the 1930s United States
AbstractThe Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) caused a population shift in the United States in the 1930s. Evaluating the effects of the AAA on the incidence of malaria can therefore offer important lessons regarding the broader consequences of demographic changes. Using a quasi-first difference model and a robust set of controls, we find a negative association between AAA expenditures and malaria death rates at the county level. Further, we find the AAA caused relatively low-income groups to migrate from counties with high-risk malaria ecologies. These results suggest that the AAA-induced migration played an important role in the reduction of malaria.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17526.
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as “Agricultural Policy, Migration, and Malaria in the 1930s United States.” With Alan Barreca and Shawn Kantor. Explorations in Economic History 49 (2012): 381-398.
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
- H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health
- I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
- N32 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2011-10-22 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2011-10-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-CIS-2011-10-22 (Confederation of Independent States)
- NEP-MIG-2011-10-22 (Economics of Human Migration)
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