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The Balanced U.S. Press

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  • Riccardo Puglisi
  • James M. Snyder, Jr.

Abstract

We propose a new method for measuring the relative ideological positions of newspapers, voters, interest groups, and political parties. The method uses data on ballot propositions. We exploit the fact that newspapers, parties, and interest groups take positions on these propositions, and the fact that citizens ultimately vote on them. We find that, on average, newspapers in the U.S. are located almost exactly at the median voter in their states. Newspapers also tend to be centrist relative to interest groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17263.

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Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17263

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  1. Matthew Gentzkow & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2006. "Media Bias and Reputation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(2), pages 280-316, April.
  2. Stefano DellaVigna & Ethan Kaplan, 2006. "The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 12169, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Stefano DellaVigna & Matthew Gentzkow, 2010. "Persuasion: Empirical Evidence," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, Annual Reviews, vol. 2(1), pages 643-669, 09.
  4. Tim Groseclose & Jeffrey Milyo, 2005. "A Measure of Media Bias," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 120(4), pages 1191-1237, November.
  5. Larcinese, Valentino & Puglisi, Riccardo & Snyder, James M., 2011. "Partisan bias in economic news: Evidence on the agenda-setting behavior of U.S. newspapers," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 95(9), pages 1178-1189.
  6. Gasper, John T., 2011. "Shifting Ideologies? Re-examining Media Bias," International Quarterly Journal of Political Science, now publishers, now publishers, vol. 6(1), pages 85-102, August.
  7. Baron, David P., 2006. "Persistent media bias," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 90(1-2), pages 1-36, January.
  8. Dan Bernhardt & Stefan Krasa & Mattias Polborn, 2006. "Political Polarization and the Electoral Effects of Media Bias," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 1798, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Alan Gerber & Dean Karlan & Daniel Bergan, 2006. "Does the media matter? A field experiment measuring the effect of newspapers on voting behavior and political opinions," Natural Field Experiments, The Field Experiments Website 00252, The Field Experiments Website.
  10. Riccardo Puglisi, 2006. "Being The New York Times: Thepolitical Behaviour Of A Newspaper," STICERD - Political Economy and Public Policy Paper Series, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE 20, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  11. Prat, Andrea & Strömberg, David, 2011. "The Political Economy of Mass Media," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8246, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Matthew Gentzkow & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2006. "What Drives Media Slant? Evidence from U.S. Daily Newspapers," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 12707, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Chun-Fang Chiang & Brian Knight, 2011. "Media Bias and Influence: Evidence from Newspaper Endorsements," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 78(3), pages 795-820.
  14. Riccardo Puglisi & James M. Snyder, Jr., 2008. "Media Coverage of Political Scandals," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 14598, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Scott Gehlbach & Konstantin Sonin, 2008. "Government Control of the Media," Working Papers, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR) w0126, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).
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Cited by:
  1. Sobbrio, Francesco, 2014. "Citizen-editors' endogenous information acquisition and news accuracy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 43-53.
  2. Costas-Pérez, Elena & Solé-Ollé, Albert & Sorribas-Navarro, Pilar, 2012. "Corruption scandals, voter information, and accountability," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 469-484.
  3. Francesco Sobbrio, 2012. "A Citizen-Editors Model of News Media," RSCAS Working Papers, European University Institute 2012/61, European University Institute.
  4. Rudiger, Jesper, 2013. "Cross-Checking the Media," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 51786, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. John Lott & Kevin Hassett, 2014. "Is newspaper coverage of economic events politically biased?," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 160(1), pages 65-108, July.

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