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The European Union, the Euro, and Equity Market Integration

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  • Geert Bekaert
  • Campbell R. Harvey
  • Christian T. Lundblad
  • Stephan Siegel

Abstract

At a time of historic challenges to the viability of the Eurozone, we assess the contribution of the EU and the Euro to equity market integration in Europe. We use a simple and essentially model free measure of bilateral market segmentation: two countries are segmented if there is a wide divergence in the valuations of their industries. We first establish that segmentation is significantly lower for EU versus non- EU members. Bilateral valuation differentials remain lower for EU members even after we control for several possible channels of integration, such as bilateral trade, direct investment positions, financial regulation, and interest rate differences. Importantly, we find that EU membership reduces equity market segmentation between member countries whether or not members have also adopted the Euro. The Euro adoption as well as the anticipation of the Euro adoption has minimal effects on market integration.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 16583.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Publication status: published as Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R. & Lundblad, Christian T. & Siegel, Stephan, 2013. "The European Union, the Euro, and equity market integration," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(3), pages 583-603.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16583

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Cited by:
  1. Stolowy, Hervé & Jeanjean, Thomas & Erkens, Michael, 2011. "The economic consequences of increasing the international visibility of financial reports," Les Cahiers de Recherche 957, HEC Paris.
  2. Andrew Clare & James Seaton & Peter N. Smith & Stephen Thomas, 2014. "European Equity Investing through the Financial Crisis: Can Risk Parity, Momentum or Trend Following Help to Reduce Tail Risk?," CAMA Working Papers 2014-08, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  3. Joshua Aizenman & Yothin Jinjarak & Minsoo Lee & Donghyun Park, 2012. "Developing countries’ financial vulnerability to the euro crisis: An event study of equity and bond markets," NBER Working Papers 18028, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. G. Everaert & L. Pozzi, 2014. "The dynamics of European financial market integration," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 14/877, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  5. Dahlquist, Magnus & Hasseltoft, Henrik, 2013. "International Bond Risk Premia," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 17-32.
  6. Charlotte Christiansen, 2012. "Integration of European Bond Markets," CREATES Research Papers 2012-33, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  7. Thomas Jeanjean & Hervé Stolowy & Michael Erkens, 2012. "Economic consequences of adopting English for annual reports," Post-Print hal-00690931, HAL.
  8. Nicolas Merener, 2012. "Globally Distributed Production and Asset Pricing:the Rise of Latin America in CME Soybean Futures," Business School Working Papers 2012-01, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella.
  9. Bris, Arturo & Koskinen, Yrjö & Nilsson, Mattias, 2011. "The Euro and Corporate Financing," CEPR Discussion Papers 8227, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Baltzer, Markus & Stolper, Oscar & Walter, Andreas, 2013. "Is local bias a cross-border phenomenon? Evidence from individual investors’ international asset allocation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 2823-2835.

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