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Asset Liquidity and the Cost of Capital

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  • Hernán Ortiz-Molina
  • Gordon M. Phillips

Abstract

We study the effect of real asset liquidity on a firm’s cost of capital. We find an aggregate asset-liquidity discount in firms’ cost of capital that is strongly counter-cyclical. At the firm-level we find that asset liquidity affects firms’ cost of capital both in the cross section and in the time series: Firms in industries with more liquid assets and during periods of high asset liquidity have lower cost of capital. This effect is stronger when the asset liquidity is provided by firms operating within the industry. We also find that higher asset liquidity reduces the cost of capital by more for firms that face more competitive risk in product markets, have less access to external capital or are closer to default, and for those facing negative demand shocks. Our results suggest that asset liquidity is valuable to firms and, more generally, that operating inflexibility is an economically important source of risk.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 15992.

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Date of creation: May 2010
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Publication status: published as “Real Asset Illiquidity and the Cost of Capital”, with Hernan Ortiz-Molina, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, forthcoming 2014.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15992

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Cited by:
  1. Gordon M. Phillips & Alexei Zhdanov, 2013. "R&D and the Incentives from Merger and Acquisition Activity," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 26(1), pages 34-78.
  2. Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 2010. "Fire Sales in Finance and Macroeconomics," NBER Working Papers 16642, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Almeida, Heitor & Campello, Murillo & Hackbarth, Dirk, 2011. "Liquidity mergers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 102(3), pages 526-558.
  4. Murillo Campello & Erasmo Giambona, 2011. "Capital Structure and the Redeployability of Tangible Assets," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-091/2/DSF24, Tinbergen Institute.

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