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Interest Groups, Information Manipulation in the Media, and Public Policy: The Case of the Landless Peasants Movement in Brazil

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  • Lee J. Alston
  • Gary D. Libecap
  • Bernardo Mueller

Abstract

We extend the literature on interest group behavior and policy outcomes by examining how groups with limited resources (votes and campaign contributions) effectively influence government by manipulating media information to voters. Voters in turn lobby politicians to implement the group’s preferred policies. In this manner interest groups can secure favorable government actions beyond their size and wealth. This is an important contribution because of the increased role of the media in the information age and because this linkage better explains observed government policies. We develop a multi-principal, multi-task model of interest group behavior and generate the characteristics of interest groups that would be most successful using publicity to secure their policy objectives. We apply the model to the Landless Peasants’ Movement in Brazil. We detail how the Landless Peasants’ Movement molds information; show the general voter response; and examine the reaction of politicians in changing the timing and nature of policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 15865.

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Date of creation: Apr 2010
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15865

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Cited by:
  1. Carlos Pestana Barros & Ari Francisco de Araujo Jr. & João Ricardo Faria, 2013. "Brazilian Land Tenure and Conflicts: The Landless Peasants Movement," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 33(1), pages 47-75, Winter.
  2. Mueller, Bernardo & Mueller, Charles, 2012. "The Impact of the 2007.08 Food Price Crisis in a Major Commodity Exporter: Food Prices, Inflation, and Inclusion in Brazil," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  3. Bowser, William & Nelson, Carl H., 2012. "Land institutions, investments, and income diversification : Pathways to economic development for Brazil’s quilombo communities," IFPRI discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 1179, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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