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Composition of International Capital Flows: A Survey

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  • Koralai Kirabaeva
  • Assaf Razin

Abstract

In an integrated world capital market with perfect information, all forms of capital flows are indistinguishable. Information frictions and incomplete risk sharing are important elements that needed to differentiate between equity and debt flows, and between different types of equities. This survey put together models of debt, FDI, Fpi flows to help explain the composition of capital flows. With information asymmetry between foreign and domestic investors, a country which finances its domestic investment through foreign debt or foreign equity portfolio issue, will inadequately augment its capital stock. Foreign direct investment flows, however, have the potential of generating an efficient level of domestic investment. In the presence of asymmetric information between sellers and buyers in the capital market, foreign direct investment is associated with higher liquidation costs due to the adverse selection. Thus, the exposure to liquidity shocks determines the volume of foreign direct investment flows relative to portfolio investment flows. In particular, the information-liquidity trade-off helps explain the composition of equity flows between developed and emerging countries, as well as the patterns of FDI flows during financial crises. The asymmetric information between domestic investors (as borrowers) and foreign investors (as lenders) with respect to investment allocation leads to moral hazard and thus generate an inadequate amount of borrowings. The moral hazard problem, coupled with limited enforcement, can explain why countries experience debt outflows in low income periods; in contrast to the predictions of the complete-market paradigm. Finally, we analyze a risk-diversification model, where bond holdings hedge real exchange rate risks, while equities hedge non-financial income fluctuations. An equity home bias emerges as a calibratable equilibrium outcome.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 15599.

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Date of creation: Dec 2009
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Publication status: published as “Composition of Capital Flows” Encyclopedia of Financial Globalization, Elsevier, October, 2012.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15599

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Cited by:
  1. G. Andrew Karolyi & David T. Ng & Eswar S. Prasad, 2013. "The Coming Wave," Working Papers 082013, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  2. Martin Schmitz, 2009. "Financial Reforms and Capital Flows to Emerging Europe," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp278, IIIS.
  3. Davide Furceri & Stéphanie Guichard & Elena Rusticelli, 2012. "Medium-Term Determinants Of International Investment Positions: The Role Of Structural Policies," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 3(02), pages 1250012-1-1.
  4. Anton Jevcak & Ralph Setzer & Massimo Suardi, 2010. "Determinants of Capital Flows to the New EU Member States Before and During the Financial Crisis," European Economy - Economic Papers 425, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.

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