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On the Interest Rate Elasticity of the Demand for International Reserves: Some Evidence from Developing Coutries

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  • Sebastian Edwards

Abstract

Contrary to what is suggested by the theory, most empirical studies on the demand for international reserves have failed to find a significant(negative) coefficient for the opportunity cost of holding reserves. In this paper it is argued that the reason for this is that the opportunity cost of holding international reserves has been measured incorrectly. In the empirical analysis presented in this paper the spread between the interest rate at which countries can borrow from abroad and LIBOR is used as a proxy for the net opportunity cost for holding reserves. The results obtained using data for a group of developing countries for 1976-198O show that when this net opportunity cost is used, the regression coefficient is significantly negative.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 1532.

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Date of creation: Jan 1985
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Publication status: published as Edwards, Sebastian. "On the Interest Rate Elasticity of the Demand for International Reserves: Some Evidence from Developing Countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 287-295. (June 1985)
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:1532

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  1. Eaton, Jonathan & Gersovitz, Mark, 1980. "LDC participation in international financial markets : Debt and reserves," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 3-21, February.
  2. Grubel, Herbert G, 1971. "The Demand for International Reserves: A Critical Review of the Literature," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 1148-66, December.
  3. Shinkai, Yoichi, 1979. "Demand for International Reserves in Less Developed Countries: A Comment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(4), pages 614-15, November.
  4. Hipple, F Steb, 1979. "A Note on the Measurement of the Holding Cost of International Reserves," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(4), pages 612-14, November.
  5. Harberger, Arnold C, 1980. "Vignettes on the World Capital Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 331-37, May.
  6. John F. O. Bilson & Jacob A. Frenkel, 1979. "Dynamic Adjustment and the Demand for International Reserves," NBER Working Papers 0407, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. von Furstenberg, George M., 1982. "New estimates of the demand for non-gold reserves under floating exchange rates," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 81-95, January.
  8. Michael R. Darby, 1983. "The United States as an Exogenous Source of World Inflation under the Bretton Woods System," NBER Chapters, in: The International Transmission of Inflation, pages 478-490 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Peter B. Clark, 1970. "Demand for International Reserves: A Cross-Country Analysis," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 3(4), pages 577-94, November.
  10. Edwards, Sebastian, 1980. "A note on the dynamic adjustment of the demand for international reserves by LDC's," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 71-74.
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Cited by:
  1. Marc-André Gosselin & Nicolas Parent, 2005. "An Empirical Analysis of Foreign Exchange Reserves in Emerging Asia," Working Papers 05-38, Bank of Canada.
  2. Olivier Jeanne, 2013. "Capital Account Policies and the Real Exchange Rate," NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(1), pages 7 - 42.
  3. Axel Dreher & Roland Vaubel, 2005. "Foreign Exchange Intervention and the Political Business Cycle: A Panel Data Analysis ," TWI Research Paper Series 9, Thurgauer Wirtschaftsinstitut, Universität Konstanz.
  4. Jeanne, Olivier, 2012. "The dollar and its discontents," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 1976-1989.
  5. Martín Redrado & Jorge Carrera & Diego Bastourre & Javier Ibarlucia, 2006. "The Economic Policy of Foreign Reserve Accumulation: New International Evidence," BCRA Working Paper Series 200614, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.
  6. Mohsen Bahmani-Oskooee & Farhang Niroomand, 1989. "On the exchange-rate elasticity of the demand for international reserves: Some evidence from industrial countries: A reply," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 125(2), pages 394-396, June.
  7. Bar-Ilan, Avner & Marion, Nancy P. & Perry, David, 2007. "Drift control of international reserves," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(9), pages 3110-3137, September.
  8. Maurice Obstfeld & Jay C. Shambaugh & Alan M. Taylor, 2008. "Financial Stability, the Trilemma, and International Reserves," NBER Working Papers 14217, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Ramachandran, M., 2006. "On the upsurge of foreign exchange reserves in India," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 797-809, October.
  10. Sunil Sharma & Woon Gyu Choi & Maria Strömqvist, 2007. "Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings," IMF Working Papers 07/151, International Monetary Fund.
  11. Olivier Jeanne & Romain Rancière, 2011. "The Optimal Level of International Reserves For Emerging Market Countries: A New Formula and Some Applications," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(555), pages 905-930, 09.
  12. Martín Redrado & Jorge Carrera & Diego Bastourre & Javier Ibarlucia (ed.), 2006. "The Economic Policy of Foreign Reserve Accumulation: New International Evidence," BCRA Paper Series, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, number 02, June.

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