Causality, Structure, and the Uniqueness of Rational Expectations Equilibria
AbstractConsider a rational expectations (RE) model that includes a relationship between variables x t and z t+1 . To be considered structural and potentially useful as a guide to actual behavior, this model must specify whether x t is influenced by the expectation at t of z t+1 or, alternatively, that z t+1 is directly influenced (via some inertial mechanism) by x t (i.e., that z t is influenced by x t-1 ). These are quite different phenomena. Here it is shown that, for a very broad class of multivariate linear RE models, distinct causal specifications involving both expectational and inertial influences will be uniquely associated with distinct solutions—which will result operationally from different specifications concerning which of the model’s variables are predetermined. It follows that for a given structure, and with a natural continuity assumption, there is only one RE solution that is fully consistent with the model’s specification. Furthermore, this solution does not involve “sunspot” phenomena.
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Date of creation: Aug 2009
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- Bennett T. Mccallum, 2011. "Causality, Structure And The Uniqueness Of Rational Expectations Equilibria," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 79(s1), pages 551-566, 06.
- C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
- C62 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium
- E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
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- NEP-ALL-2009-08-16 (All new papers)
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