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International Trade and Labor Income Risk in the United States

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  • Pravin Krishna
  • Mine Zeynep Senses

Abstract

This paper studies empirically the links between international trade and labor income risk faced by workers in the United States. We use longitudinal data on workers to estimate time-varying individual income risk at the industry level. We then combine our estimates of persistent labor income risk with measures of exposure to international trade to analyze the relationship between trade and labor income risk. Importantly, by contrasting estimates from various sub-samples of workers, such as those who switched to a different industry (or sector) with those who remained in the same industry throughout the sample, we study the relative importance of the different channels through which international trade affects individual income risk. Finally, we use these estimates to conduct a welfare analysis evaluating the benefits or costs of trade through the income risk channel. We find import penetration to have a statistically significant association with labor income risk in the United States, with economically significant welfare effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14992.

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Date of creation: May 2009
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Publication status: published as Review of Economic Studies (2014) 81 (1): 186-218. doi: 10.1093/restud/rdt047
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14992

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Harrison, Ann & McLaren, John & McMillan, Margaret, 2011. "Recent perspectives on trade and inequality," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5754, The World Bank.
  2. Sly, Nicholas, 2010. "Skill Acquisition, Incentive Contracts and Jobs: Labor Market Adjustment to Trade," MPRA Paper 25004, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Harrison, Ann & McLaren, John & McMillan, Margaret S., 2010. "Recent findings on trade and inequality:," IFPRI discussion papers 1047, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. Hogrefe, Jan & Yao, Yao, 2012. "Offshoring and labor income risk," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-025, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Christopher Kurz & Mine Z. Senses, 2013. "Importing, exporting and firm-level employment volatility," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-44, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  6. Christopher Kurz & Mine Z. Senses, 2013. "Importing, Exporting And Firm-Level Employment Volatility," Working Papers 13-31, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  7. Jan Hogrefe & Yao Yao, 2012. "Offshoring and Labor Income Risk: An Empirical Investigation," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 515, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  8. Robin Burgess & Dave Donaldson, 2012. "Can openness to trade reduce income volatility? Evidence from colonial India's famine era," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 54255, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  9. Senses, Mine Zeynep, 2010. "The effects of offshoring on the elasticity of labor demand," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 89-98, May.

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