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Incomplete Cost Pass-Through Under Deep Habits

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  • Morten Ravn
  • Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe
  • Martin Uribe

Abstract

A number of empirical studies document that marginal cost shocks are not fully passed through to prices at the firm level and that prices are substantially less volatile than costs. We show that in the relative-deep-habits model of Ravn, Schmitt-Grohe, and Uribe (2006), firm-specific marginal cost shocks are not fully passed through to product prices. That is, in response to a firm-specific increase in marginal costs, prices rise, but by less than marginal costs leading to a decline in the firm-specific markup of prices over marginal costs. Pass-through is predicted to be even lower when shocks to marginal costs are anticipated by firms. In our model, unanticipated firm-specific cost shocks lead to incomplete pass-through (or a decline in markups) of about 20 percent and anticipated cost shocks are associated with incomplete pass-through of about 50 percent. The model predicts that cost pass-through is increasing in the persistence of marginal cost shocks and U-shaped in the strength of habits. The relative-deep-habits model implies that conditional on marginal cost disturbances, prices are less volatile than marginal costs.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 12961.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
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Publication status: published as Martin Uribe & Morten Ravn & Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe, 2008. "Incomplete cost pass-through under deep habits," Proceedings, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:12961

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Cited by:
  1. Hellerstein, Rebecca & Villas-Boas, Sofia B, 2006. "Outsourcing and pass-through," CUDARE Working Paper Series 1016R3, University of California at Berkeley, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Policy, revised Feb 2010.
  2. Kleshchelski, Isaac & Vincent, Nicolas, 2009. "Market share and price rigidity," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 344-352, April.
  3. Reto Foellmi & Christian Hepenstrick & Josef Zweimüller, 2010. "Non-homothetic preferences, parallel imports and the extensive margin of international trade," Diskussionsschriften, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft dp1009, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
  4. Di Pace, F. & Faccini, R., 2012. "Deep habits and the cyclical behaviour of equilibrium unemployment and vacancies," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 183-200.
  5. Adachi, Takanori & Ebina, Takeshi, 2014. "Double marginalization and cost pass-through: Weyl–Fabinger and Cowan meet Spengler and Bresnahan–Reiss," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 170-175.
  6. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Rebecca Hellerstein, 2007. "A framework for identifying the sources of local currency price stability with an empirical application," Staff Reports 287, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

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