Inequality and Schooling Responses to Globalization Forces: Lessons from History
AbstractIn the first global century before 1914, trade and especially migration had profound effects on both low-wage, labor abundant Europe and the high-wage, labor scarce New World. Those global forces contributed to a reduction in unskilled labor scarcity in the New World and to a rise in unskilled labor scarcity in Europe. Thus, it contributed to rising inequality in overseas countries, like the United States, and falling inequality in most of Europe. Falling unskilled labor scarcity and rising skill scarcity contributed to the high school revolution in the US. Rising unskilled scarcity also contributed to the primary schooling and literacy revolution in Europe. Under what conditions would we expect the same responses to globalization in todayâ€™s world? This paper argues that modern debates about inequality and schooling responses to globalization should pay more attention to history.
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Date of creation: Oct 2006
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Other versions of this item:
- Williamson, Jeffrey G, 2006. "Inequality and Schooling Responses to Globalization Forces: Lessons from History," CEPR Discussion Papers 5892, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
- F1 - International Economics - - Trade
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
- J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
- N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-10-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2006-10-14 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-HRM-2006-10-14 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-INT-2006-10-14 (International Trade)
- NEP-LTV-2006-10-14 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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