Adjustment in Property Space Markets: Estimates from the Stockholm Office Market
AbstractMarkets for property space adjust only gradually because tenants are constrained by long-term leases and landlords and tenants face transactions and information costs. Not only do rents adjust slowly, but space occupancy may differ from demand at current rent, giving rise to %u201Chidden vacancies%u201D. We estimate the joint dynamics of office rents and vacancies using an error-correction model using a new lease rent series for Stockholm offices 19772002 estimated on 2,500 leases. It takes 5-10 years for the market to adjust to a shock. In a model simulation of a positive employment shock open vacancies fall from the natural level of 7 percent to below 4 percent, while hidden vacancies increase by about as much. Most of the variation in hidden vacancies over time is explained by the difference between demand at current and average rent on existing leases, which we calculate using data on contract lease length.
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- R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
- R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General
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