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Testing out Contractual Incompleteness: Evidence from Soccer

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  • Oriol Carbonell-Nicolau
  • Diego Comin

Abstract

The theory of incomplete contracting is rival to that of complete contracting as a frame of reference to understand contractual relationships. Both approaches rest upon diametrically opposed postulates and lead to very different policy conclusions. From a theoretical viewpoint, scrutiny of the postulates has revealed that both frameworks are reasonable. This paper designs and implements an empirical test to discern whether contracts are complete or incomplete. We analyze a problem where the parties' inability to commit not to renegotiate inefficiencies is sufficient for contractual incompleteness. We study optimal contracts with and without commitment and derive an exclusion restriction that is useful to identify the relevant commitment scenario. The empirical analysis takes advantage of a data set from Spanish soccer player contracts. Our test rejects the commitment hypothesis, which entails the acceptance of the existence of contractual incompleteness in the data. We argue that our conclusions should hold a fortiori in many other economic environments.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 11110.

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Date of creation: Feb 2005
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:11110

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Cited by:
  1. Helmut Dietl & Egon Franck & Markus Lang, 2008. "Why football players may benefit from the ‘shadow of the transfer system’," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 129-151, October.
  2. Eberhard Feess & Michael Gerfin & Gerd Muehlheusser, 2010. "Contracts as Rent-Seeking Devices: Evidence from German Soccer," Diskussionsschriften dp1015, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.

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