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Factor Prices and Factor Substitution in U.S. Firms' Manufacturing Affiliates Abroad

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  • Maria Borga
  • Robert E. Lipsey

Abstract

Using confidential individual firm data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis survey of U.S. firms' manufacturing operations abroad, we investigate the determinants of capital intensity in affiliate operations. Host country labor cost, the scale of host country production, and the capital intensity of the parent firm's production in the United States, are all significant influences. The parent's capital intensity is the strongest and most consistent determinant of affiliate capital intensity. Affiliates that export are more sensitive to these factors in their choice of factor proportions than affiliates that sell only in their host countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 10442.

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Date of creation: Apr 2004
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Publication status: published as Maria Borga & Robert E. Lipsey, 2009. "Factor Prices, Factor Substitution and Exporting in US Manufacturing Affiliates Abroad," The World Economy, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 32(1), pages 30-48, 01.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:10442

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  1. Helg, Rodolfo & Tajoli, Lucia, 2005. "Patterns of international fragmentation of production and the relative demand for labor," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 233-254, August.
  2. Robert E. Lipsey & Irving B. Kravis & Romualdo A. Roldan, 1978. "Do Multinational Firms Adapt Factor Proportions To Relative Factor Prices?," NBER Working Papers 0293, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Chen, Tain-Jy, 1992. "Technical Change and Technical Adaptation of Multinational Firms: The Case of Taiwan's Electronics Industry," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 40(4), pages 867-81, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Raymond Mataloni, Jr., 2011. "The Productivity Advantage and Global Scope of U.S. Multinational Firms," Working Papers 11-23, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.

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