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Macroeconomic fluctuations and firm entry : theory and evidence

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  • Vivien Lewis

    ()
    (Center for Economic Studies, Catholic University Leuven)

Abstract

This paper studies the behaviour of firm entry and exit in response to macroeconomic shocks. We formulate a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with an endogenous number of producers. From the calibrated model, we derive a minimum set of robust sign restrictions to identify four kinds of macroeconomic shocks in a vector autoregression, namely supply, demand, monetary and entry cost shocks. The variables entering the VAR are output, inflation, the nominal interest rate, profits and firm entry. The response of firm entry to the various shocks is freely estimated. Our main finding is that entry responds significantly to all types of shocks. The results also show a crowding-in of firm entry following an exogenous rise in demand, consistent with the effect of a consumption preference shock predicted by the model

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bank of Belgium in its series Working Paper Research with number 103.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nbb:reswpp:200610-13

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Keywords: firm entry; VAR; business cycles;

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Cited by:
  1. Lenno Uusküla, 2008. "Liquidity and productivity shocks: A look at sectoral firm creation," Bank of Estonia Working Papers 2008-05, Bank of Estonia, revised 30 Oct 2008.
  2. Pedro Rui Mazeda Gil, 2008. "Stylized Facts and Other Empirical Evidence on Firm Dynamics, Business Cycle and Growth," FEP Working Papers 276, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  3. Bilbiie, Florin Ovidiu & Ghironi, Fabio & Melitz, Marc J, 2011. "Endogenous Entry, Product Variety, and Business Cycles," CEPR Discussion Papers 8564, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Lilia Cavallari, 2009. "Export And Foreign Direct Investments In An Endogenous-Entry Model With Real And Nominal Uncertainty," Working Papers 0209, CREI Università degli Studi Roma Tre, revised 2009.
  5. Florin O. Bilbiie & Fabio Ghironi & Marc J. Melitz, 2008. "Monetary Policy and Business Cycles with Endogenous Entry and Product Variety," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2007, Volume 22, pages 299-353 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Bergin, Paul R. & Corsetti, Giancarlo, 2008. "The extensive margin and monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(7), pages 1222-1237, October.
  7. Lenno Uuskyla, 2007. "Firm entry and liquidity," Bank of Estonia Working Papers 2007-06, Bank of Estonia, revised 26 Aug 2007.

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