The Location Decisions of Multinationals and the Cultural Link: Evidence from Spanish Direct Investment Abroad
AbstractWe examine the way in which differences in language and culture may affect direct investment decisions. We use a discrete choice approach to model the location decisions of multinationals in which cultural links, language differences, distance and market access are accounted for. This model is used to study the determinants of the location decisions of Spanish multinationals over the period 1988-1997. Cultural ties, including language, are found significantly to affect the location decisions of Spanish firms abroad. These ties, also explain the leading position of Spanish multinationals in Latin American countries compared to more advanced home countries such as the US, Germany and the UK. The specific advantage of Spanish multinationals together with the rapid economic development of the Spanish economy, which has traditionally been a large FDI-recipient, tend to corroborate the view that intangible assets such as culture and language proximity do matter in understanding net outward investment patterns.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra in its series Documentos de Trabajo - Lan Gaiak Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra with number 0804.
Date of creation: 2008
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Publication status: Published in
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Other versions of this item:
- Salvador Barrios & Juan Miguel Benito, 2010. "The Location Decisions of Multinationals and the Cultural Link: Evidence from Spanish Direct Investment Abroad," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 29(2), pages 181-196, 06.
- A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
- D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
- M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics
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- Jaime Martínez-Martín, 2011.
"General equilibrium long-run determinants for Spanish FDI: a spatial panel data approach,"
Spanish Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 305-333, September.
- Jaime Martínez-Martín, 2009. "General Equilibrium Long-Run Determinants for Spanish FDI: A Spatial Panel Data Approach," IREA Working Papers 200917, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Jun 2009.
- Jaime Martinez Martin, 2011. "General Equilibrium Long-Run Determinants for Spanish FDI: A Spatial Panel Data Approach," Working Papers 1113, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
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