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Größenvorteile im deutschen ÖSPV – Eine empirische Analyse

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  • Karl-Hans Hartwig

    ()
    (Institute of Transport Economics, Muenster)

  • Raimund Scheffler

    ()
    (Institute of Transport Economics, Muenster)

Abstract

In this paper we present an efficiency analysis of bus transport companies in Germany. It is focused on the calculation of scale efficiencies in order to identify possible economies of sca-le in the German bus transport market. For this purpose, we apply data envelopment analy-sis (DEA). As DEA is a determintistic method, bootstrapping procedures are applied to test for global and individual returns to scale. We find that small bus transport companies achieve economies of scale by extending their size.

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File URL: http://www.wiwi.uni-muenster.de/ivm/materialien/forschen/veroeffentlichungen/Diskussionspapier13.pdf
File Function: First version, 2009
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Transport Economics, University of Muenster in its series Working Papers with number 13.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mut:wpaper:13

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Keywords: bus transport; frontier analysis; DEA;

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  1. Léopold Simar & Paul Wilson, 2000. "Statistical Inference in Nonparametric Frontier Models: The State of the Art," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 49-78, January.
  2. von Hirschhausen, Christian & Cullmann, Astrid, 2010. "A nonparametric efficiency analysis of German public transport companies," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 436-445, May.
  3. Simar, L. & Wilson, P.W., 1998. "A General Methodology for Bootstrapping in Nonparametric Frontier Models," Papers 9811, Catholique de Louvain - Institut de statistique.
  4. Per Andersen & Niels Christian Petersen, 1993. "A Procedure for Ranking Efficient Units in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 39(10), pages 1261-1264, October.
  5. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
  6. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
  7. Simar, Leopold & Wilson, Paul W., 2002. "Non-parametric tests of returns to scale," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 139(1), pages 115-132, May.
  8. DE BORGER, Bruno & KERSTENS, Kristiaan & COSTA, Álvaro, . "Public transit performance: What do we learn from frontier studies?," Working Papers 2000019, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
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