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Quality of Life in the Regions: An Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis for West German Labor Markets

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  • Karsten Rusche

Abstract

Which of Germanys regions is the most attractive? Where is it best to live and work - on objective grounds? These questions are summed up in the concept “quality of life”. This paper uses recent research projects that determine this parameter to examine the spatial distribution of quality of life in Germany. For this purpose, an Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis is conducted which focuses on identifying statistically significant (dis-)similarities in space. An initial result of this research is that it is important to choose the aggregation level of administrative units carefully when considering a spatial analysis. The level plays a crucial role in the strength and impact of spatial effects. In concentrating on various labor market areas, this paper identifies a significant spatial autocorrelation in the quality of life, which seems to be characterized by a North-Mid-South divide. In addition, the ESDA results are used to augment the regression specifications, which helps to avoid the occurrence of spatial dependencies in the residuals.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Spatial and Housing Economics, Munster Universitary in its series Working Papers with number 200120.

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Handle: RePEc:muc:wpaper:200120

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Keywords: Quality of Life; Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis; Functional Economic Areas; Spatial Econometrics; LISA Dummies;

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  1. Magrini, Stefano, 2004. "Regional (di)convergence," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 62, pages 2741-2796 Elsevier.
  2. Julie Le Gallo & Sandy Dall'erba, 2003. "Spatial econometric analysis of the evolution of the European regional convergence process, 1980-1999," Urban/Regional, EconWPA 0311001, EconWPA, revised 21 May 2005.
  3. Reinhold Kosfeld & Hans-Friedrich Eckey & Christian Dreger, 2006. "Regional productivity and income convergence in the unified Germany, 1992-2000," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(7), pages 755-767.
  4. Eleonora Patacchini & Patricia Rice, 2007. "Geography and Economic Performance: Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis for Great Britain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(4), pages 489-508.
  5. Yiannis Kamarianakis & Julie Le Gallo, 2003. "The evolution of regional productivity disparities in the European Union, 1975-2000," Urban/Regional, EconWPA 0312004, EconWPA.
  6. repec:kas:wpaper:2006-81 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2000. "Convergence and the effects of spatial interaction," HWWA Discussion Papers 110, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  8. Hans-Friedrich Eckey & Reinhold Kosfeld & Matthias Turck, 2006. "Regional Convergence in Germany. A Geographically Weighted Regression Approach," ERSA conference papers ersa06p461, European Regional Science Association.
  9. Thiess Buettner & Alexander Ebertz, 2009. "Quality of life in the regions: results for German Counties," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 89-112, March.
  10. Eckhardt Bode, 2008. "Delineating Metropolitan Areas Using Land Prices," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(1), pages 131-163.
  11. Rusche, Karsten & van Suntum, Ulrich, 2007. "Regionale Beschäftigungswirkungen des demografischen Wandels," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 87(1), pages 48-56.
  12. Raymond J.G.M. Florax & Peter Nijkamp, 2003. "Misspecification in Linear Spatial Regression Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-081/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  13. Roback, Jennifer, 1982. "Wages, Rents, and the Quality of Life," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1257-78, December.
  14. Thiess Büttner & Alexander Ebertz, 2007. "Lebensqualität in den Regionen: Erste Ergebnisse für Deutschland," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(15), pages 13-19, 08.
  15. Sandy Dall'erba & Julie Le Gallo, 2003. "Geographic Spillover Effects of Regional Funds and their Impact on the European Convergence Process over 1989-1999," ERSA conference papers ersa03p136, European Regional Science Association.
  16. LE GALLO, Julie & ERTUR, Cem, 2000. "Exploratory spatial data analysis of the distribution of regional per capita GDP in Europe, 1980-1995," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-09, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  17. Fischer, Gabriele & Wahse, Jürgen & Dahms, Vera & Frei, Marek & Riedmann, Arnold & Janik, Florian, 2007. "Standortbedingungen und Beschäftigung in den Regionen West- und Ostdeutschlands : Ergebnisse des IAB-Betriebspanels 2006," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200705, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  18. Catherine Baumont & Cem Ertur & Julie Le Gallo, 2003. "Spatial Analysis Of Employment And Population Density: The Case Of The Agglomeration Of Dijon, 1999," Urban/Regional, EconWPA 0310003, EconWPA.
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Cited by:
  1. Hiller, Norbert & Lerbsy, Oliver, 2014. "The capitalization of non-market attributes into regional housing rents and wages: Evidence on German functional labor market areas," CAWM Discussion Papers 71, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster.

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