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The Geographical Mobility of Maori in New Zealand

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  • Isabelle Sin

    ()
    (Motu Economic and Public Policy Research)

  • Steven Stillman

    ()
    (Motu Economic and Public Policy Research)

Abstract

This paper describes the geographical location and internal mobility of the Maori ethnic group in New Zealand between 1991 and 2001. It is often suggested that Maori are less mobile than other ethnic groups because of attachment to particular geographical locations. We compare the mobility of Maori in particular locations to the mobility of similar Europeans in those same locations and find that, contrary to this anecdotal evidence, most Maori are, on average, more mobile than Europeans in New Zealand. We do find that the roughly forty percent of Maori who live in areas local to their iwi (tribe) are less mobile than comparable Europeans in those same areas. Defining local areas both based on both traditional iwi locations and current iwi populations, we find suggestive evidence that social ties are more important than land-based attachment in explaining why these Maori are relatively less mobile, but that land-based attachment is also an important impediment to mobility.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Motu Economic and Public Policy Research in its series Working Papers with number 05_05.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mtu:wpaper:05_05

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Related research

Keywords: Mobility; Migration; Social Networks; New Zealand; Maori; Labour Market Areas;

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References

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  1. Greenwood, Michael J, 1975. "Research on Internal Migration in the United States: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 397-433, June.
  2. David C Maré & Wai Kin Choy, 2001. "Regional Labour Market Adjustment and the Movements of People: A Review," Treasury Working Paper Series 01/08, New Zealand Treasury.
  3. Carrington, William J & Detragiache, Enrica & Vishwanath, Tara, 1996. "Migration with Endogenous Moving Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(4), pages 909-30, September.
  4. Renkow, Mitch & Scrimgeour, Frank G., 2005. "Maori/Non-Maori Income Gaps: Do Differences in Worker Mobility Play a Role?," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19214, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  5. Papps, Kerry L. & Newell, James O., 2002. "Identifying Functional Labour Market Areas in New Zealand: A Reconnaissance Study Using Travel-to-Work Data," IZA Discussion Papers 443, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Suzi Kerr & Dave Maré & William Power & Jason Timmins, 2001. "Internal Mobility in New Zealand," Treasury Working Paper Series 01/04, New Zealand Treasury.
  7. Mary Kritz & June Nogle, 1994. "Nativity concentration and internal migration among the foreign-born," Demography, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 509-524, August.
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Cited by:
  1. David C. Maré & Michelle Poland, 2005. "Defining Geographic Communities," Working Papers, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research 05_09, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.

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