The Geographical Mobility of Maori in New Zealand
AbstractThis paper describes the geographical location and internal mobility of the Maori ethnic group in New Zealand between 1991 and 2001. It is often suggested that Maori are less mobile than other ethnic groups because of attachment to particular geographical locations. We compare the mobility of Maori in particular locations to the mobility of similar Europeans in those same locations and find that, contrary to this anecdotal evidence, most Maori are, on average, more mobile than Europeans in New Zealand. We do find that the roughly forty percent of Maori who live in areas local to their iwi (tribe) are less mobile than comparable Europeans in those same areas. Defining local areas both based on both traditional iwi locations and current iwi populations, we find suggestive evidence that social ties are more important than land-based attachment in explaining why these Maori are relatively less mobile, but that land-based attachment is also an important impediment to mobility.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Motu Economic and Public Policy Research in its series Working Papers with number 05_05.
Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2005
Date of revision:
Mobility; Migration; Social Networks; New Zealand; Maori; Labour Market Areas;
Other versions of this item:
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
- R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
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