On Intertemporal General-Equilibrium Reallocation Effects of Europe's Move to a Single Market
AbstractThis paper provides intertemporal general-equilibrium investigation of the welfare and employment consequences of Europeâs move to a unified market, using a multicountry, multisector applied model with imperfect competition, increasing returns-to-scale, and product differentiation at the firm level. The oligopolistic game between firms is assumed to be Nash in output. In the short-term, market imperfections (such as oligopolistic profits and wage rigidities) may exist. These imperfections vanish in the long run, characterized by stock-flow equilibrium consistent with steady-state growth. âEurope 1992â is interpreted as the elimination of the possibility for oligopolistic firms to price-discriminate between client countries within the European Community. Investigations are performed under alternative wage determination mechanisms (flexible wages v.s. wage indexation). We show, among other things, that the gains remain modest when dynamic effects are taken into account, and that all member countries are not sure to gain from European integration in the long run.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 9401.
Date of creation: 1994
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Other versions of this item:
- Mercenier, J. & Akitoby, B., 1994. "On Intertemporal General-Equilibrium Reallocation Effects of Europe's Move to a Single Market," Cahiers de recherche 9401, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
- Jean Mercenier & Bernardin Akitoby, 1993. "On intertemporal general-equilibrium reallocation effects of Europe's move to a single market," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 87, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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