Effet des syndicats sur les inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes : une revue de la littérature
AbstractIn this paper, we survey unions’ effect on wage and employment inequalities between male and female workers. Unions seem to have a low effect on the inequalities between genders. First, the gender wage gap in the union sector is lower than the gender wage gap in the non-union sector because the gap between male and female productive characteristics is lower in the union sector. Second, wage discrimination persists in the union sector despite union's wage policy decreasing wage discrimination against women (the wage discrimination is lower in the union sector than in the non-union sector). Union's wage policy seems to have no macroeconomic effect on the female relative employment. However, at the microeconomic level, unions have an impact on job distribution between genders. Sap (1993) suggests that wage discrimination against women persists in the union sector because women have a lower bargaining power than men within unions. She also suggests that female bargaining power depends on women's share of union leadership. So, we suggest imposing female quota to union leadership.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1) in its series Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques with number v04076.
Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2004
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Unions; wage discrimination; job discrimination.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
- J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition
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