Untalented but successful
AbstractWhen studying the problem of the emergence of superstars, scholars face great difficulties in measuring talent, obtaining confidential data on earnings, and finding econometric techniques that lead to results that are robust to the presence of outliers (superstars). In this paper we use an original dataset from the Pokemon trading card game in which (i) there is no unidentifiable heterogeneity and (ii) all characteristics of individuals are public domain. To prevent the results to be distorted by the presence of outliers, we estimate the " fair " price of each individual, using the robust " Least Trimmed of Squares " regression technique in a hedonic prices framework, and check the effective price at which they are sold. This allows to identify superstars, i.e. individuals that are sold at a price which represents several times their intrinsic value. We find that the two main theories of superstars developed by Rosen (1981), who awards a central importance to talent, and by Adler (1985), who awards more importance to the need of consumers to share a common culture are complementary and not mutually exclusive as is often claimed.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1) in its series Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques with number bla06017.
Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2006
Date of revision:
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Superstars; robust estimation; hedonic prices; leisure games.;
Other versions of this item:
- Olivier Gergaud & Vincenzo Verardi, 2006. "Untalented but Successful," UniversitÃ© Paris1 PanthÃ©on-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00112423, HAL.
- C4 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics
- D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure and Pricing
- Z19 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Other
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-03-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2006-03-11 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-CUL-2006-03-11 (Cultural Economics)
- NEP-MKT-2006-03-11 (Marketing)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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ULB Institutional Repository
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Framed Field Experiments
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- Hamlen, William A, Jr, 1994. "Variety and Superstardom in Popular Music," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 32(3), pages 395-406, July.
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