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Elasticité des bases fiscales (composées des profits des sociétés)en Europe

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Abstract

In this paper, we pursue several goals; we first check if the downward trend in corporate income tax rates in Europe reflects a strategy of tax competition, and not a "yardstick competition" in neighboring countries. We estimate the scale of fiscal externalities on neighboring countries in terms of taxable domestic resources outflows. Then, we discriminate the European countries according to their size in order to verify the theory of Bucovetsky (1991) and Wilson (1991) which predict a higher elasticity of tax bases in small countries. We use a panel of 25 European countries over the period 1995-2007 using tools from spatial econometrics. We show that the common trend to lower the corporate income tax rate can be partially explained by the existence of fiscal spillovers throw international flows of resources. Tax rates setting behaviors are interdependent and are evidences of tax competition in Europe.

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File URL: ftp://mse.univ-paris1.fr/pub/mse/CES2011/11079.pdf
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Paper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in its series Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne with number 11079.

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Length: 57 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:11079

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Keywords: Strategic interactions; tax behaviors; spatial econometrics; European Union; tax competition; small countries; tax base elasticity.;

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