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Nominal Uniqueness and Money Non-neutrality in the Limit-Price Exchange Process

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Abstract

We define continuous-time dynamics for exchange economies with fiat money. Traders have locally rational expectations, face a cash-in-advance constraint, and continuously adjust their short-run dominant strategy in a monetary strategic market game involving a double-auction with limit-price orders. Money has a positive value except on optimal rest-points where it becomes a "veil" and trade vanishes. Typically, there is a peicewise globally unique trade-ant-price curve both in real and in nominal variables. Money is not neutral, either in the short-run or long-run, and a localized version of the quantity theory of money holds in the short-run. An optimal money growth rate is derived, which enables monetary trade curves to converge towards Pareto optimal rest-points. Below this growth rate, the economy enters a (sub-optimal) liquidity trap where monetary policy is ineffective ; above this threshold inflation rises. Finally, market liquidity, measured through the speed of real trades, can be linked to gains-to-trade, households' expectations, and the quantity of circulating money.

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File URL: ftp://mse.univ-paris1.fr/pub/mse/CES2010/10061.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in its series Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne with number 10061.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:10061

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Keywords: Bank; money; price-quantity dynamics; inside money; outside money; rational expectations; liquidity; double auction; limit-price orders; inflation; bounded rationality.;

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  1. Bottazzi, Jean-Marc, 1994. "Accessibility of Pareto optima by Walrasian exchange processes," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 585-603, November.
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  8. Dimitrios P Tsomocos & Gael Giraud, 2004. "Global Uniqueness and Money Non-neutrality in a Walrasian Dynamics without Rational Expectations," Economics Series Working Papers 2004-FE-15, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  9. Tsomocos, Dimitrios P., 2003. "Equilibrium analysis, banking and financial instability," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(5-6), pages 619-655, July.
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  17. Dimitrios P Tsomocos, 2006. "Generic Determinacy and Money Non-Neutrality of International Monetary Equilibria," Economics Series Working Papers 2006-FE-07, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  18. Dubey, Pradeep & Geanakoplos, John, 2003. "Monetary equilibrium with missing markets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(5-6), pages 585-618, July.
  19. Weyers, Sonia, 2003. "A strategic market game with limit prices," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(5-6), pages 529-558, July.
  20. Sahi, Siddhartha & Yao, Shuntian, 1989. "The non-cooperative equilibria of a trading economy with complete markets and consistent prices," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 325-346, September.
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  23. Raphaël Espinoza & Charles. Goodhart & Dimitrios Tsomocos, 2009. "State prices, liquidity, and default," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 177-194, May.
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Cited by:
  1. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00657038 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00609824 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Dmitry Levando, 2012. "A Survey Of Strategic Market Games," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 57(194), pages 63-106, July - Se.
  4. Dixon, Huw & Pourpourides, Panayiotis M., 2012. "On Imperfect Competition with Occasionally Binding Cash-in-Advance Constraints," Cardiff Economics Working Papers E2012/3, Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School, Economics Section.
  5. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00657047 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00609824 is not listed on IDEAS

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