School Meal Program Participation and Its Association with Dietary Patterns and Childhood Obesity
AbstractDoes eating school meals influence childrenâ€™s dietary habits or chances of being overweight or obese? This study addressed these questions using data from the School Nutrition Dietary Assessment III Study. National School Lunch Program participants had lower intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and a lower percentage of calories from low-nutrient energy dense foods and beverages than did nonparticipants. Overall, however, participation was not significantly related to studentsâ€™ BMI. School Breakfast Program participants had significantly lower BMI than did nonparticipants, possibly because participants were more likely to eat breakfast and ate more at breakfast, spreading calorie intake more evenly over the course of the day.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Mathematica Policy Research in its series Mathematica Policy Research Reports with number 6342.
Date of creation: 30 Jul 2009
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National School Lunch Program; School Breakfast Program; School Meals; Obesity; diet; School Nutrition Dietary Assessment III; Food Assistance;
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- Daniel L. Millimet & Rusty Tchernis & Muna Husain, 2008.
"School Nutrition Programs and the Incidence of Childhood Obesity,"
NBER Working Papers
14297, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Daniel L. Millimet & Rusty Tchernis & Muna Husain, 2010. "School Nutrition Programs and the Incidence of Childhood Obesity," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 45(3).
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- Lin, Biing-Hwan & Frazao, Elizabeth & Guthrie, Joanne F., 1999. "Away-From-Home Foods Increasingly Important to Quality of American Diet," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33733, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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