School Food Environments and Policies in U.S. Public Schools
AbstractThis article uses data from the third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment study, conducted by Mathematica for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), to examine three areas of school food environments: policies and practices, availability of foods and beverages that are not a part of reimbursable USDA meals, and nutritional content of USDA school lunches in 395 schools in 38 states. Researchers found that the overall food environment becomes significantly less healthy as students progress from elementary to high school. High schools were more likely to have vending machines, school store or snack bars, fundraising activities involving sweet or salty snacks, and contracts with beverage companies. In addition, 93 percent of high schools and 92 percent of middle schools sold food and beverages a la carte, and nearly 80 percent of these secondary schools offered unhealthy a la carte options. Schools with a higher percentage of children from low-income families were significantly less likely to offer fruits or raw vegetables each day.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Mathematica Policy Research in its series Mathematica Policy Research Reports with number 5781.
Date of creation: 20 Oct 2007
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Obesity; School Food; SNDA; Public Schools;
Other versions of this item:
- Daniel M. Finkelstein & Elaine L. Hill & Robert C. Whitaker, 2008. "School Food Environments and Policies in U.S. Public Schools," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 5952, Mathematica Policy Research.
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- Mancino, Lisa & Todd, Jessica E. & Guthrie, Joanne F. & Lin, Biing-Hwan, 2010. "How Food Away From Home Affects Children's Diet Quality," Economic Research Report 134700, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
- Newman, Constance & Guthrie, Joanne F. & Mancino, Lisa & Ralston, Katherine L. & Musiker, Melissa, 2009. "Meeting Total Fat Requirements for School Lunches: Influences of School Policies and Characteristics," Economic Research Report 55957, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
- Just, David R. & Wansink, Brian & Mancino, Lisa & Guthrie, Joanne F., 2008. "Behavioral Economic Concepts To Encourage Healthy Eating in School Cafeterias: Experiments and Lessons From College Students," Economic Research Report 56489, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
- Lisa Dragoset & Anne Gordon, 2010. "Selecting Policy Indicators and Developing Simulation Models for the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 6677, Mathematica Policy Research.
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